ื”ื‘ืชื™ื ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ื”

ื”ื‘ืชื™ื ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ื”

ื™ืจื•ืง. ื ืขื™ื. ืœื›ื•ืœื ื• ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืคื ื˜ื–ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ืขืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ืŸ, ื•ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ื”ืŸ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื’ื•ืœืžื•ืช ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ื”ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืื ื’ืœื™ื” - ืขืฉื™ืจื™ื ืขื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช, ืฉื ืงื‘ืขื• ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ืืจืงื“ื™ื™ื, ืžืคืชื™ื ืื•ืชื ื• ืขื ื”ืฆืฆื•ืชื™ื”ื ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช. ื”ื ื” ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ื”ืžื•ืขื“ืคื™ื ืฉืœื ื•.

Chatsworth

ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืฉื‘ ื”ื“ื•ื›ืก ื”ืืจื•ืš ื•ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืœื›ืœื ืืœื™ื–ื‘ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ.

ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” "ืืจืžื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื", ืืช ื”ืžื‘ื ื” ื”ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ Chatsworth ื›ื‘ืจ ื ื›ื‘ืฉื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื“ื•ื›ืกื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ื•ื ืฉื™ืจ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื. ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ื”ื•ืงื ื‘ืฉื ืช 1551 ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืก ื—ืกืจืช-ื”ื”ืฉืจืื” ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื“ื•ื•ื™ืง. ืงืฆืช ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ืื•ืจื— ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื˜ืกื•ื•ืจืช', ืžืจื™, ืžืœื›ืช ื”ืกืงื•ื˜ื™ื. ื”ื™ื ื ื›ืœืื” ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื 1570 ื•- 1581 ืขืœ ืคื™ ื‘ืงืฉืช ืืœื™ื–ื‘ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื”, ืชื—ืช ืฉื•ืžืจ ื”ื‘ืขืœ ื”ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ืก, ื”ืืจืœ ืžืฉืจื•ืกืกื‘ื•ืจื™. ื—ื“ืจื™ ื”ืกืงื•ื˜ื™, ืชืฉืขื” ื—ื“ืจื™ ืจื™ื’'ื ืกื™ ืขืœ ืฉื ื”ืžืœื›ื” ื”ื›ืœื•ืื”, ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืœืงื”ืœ ื”ืจื—ื‘. ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื™ื•ืฉื‘ ื‘ -25 ืงืž"ืจ ืฉืœ ื’ื ื™ื, ื‘ื™ืช ืœืžื–ืจืงื” ื›ื” ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ืžืžืจื—ืง ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืžืฉื ื‘ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื”ืคืกื’ื” ื”ืืคืœ, ื•ื›ืžื” ืคืกืœื™ื ื ื•ืขื–ื™ื ื•ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ื™ื, ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ื“ื•ื›ืก ื•ื”ื“ื•ื›ืกื™ืช ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ื•ื ืฉื™ื™ืจ ื”ื ืืกืคื ื™ื ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ื.

Chatssworth ื”ื•ื 3 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ืžื–ืจื— Bakewell. ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื 170 ื• 218 ืœืœื›ืช ื™ืฉื™ืจ Bakewell ื›ื“ื™ Chatsworth (15 ื“ืงื•ืช, ื›ืžื” ืžื“ื™ ื™ื•ื). ื‘ื™ื•ื ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืก 215 ืคื•ืขืœ ื’ื ื›ื“ื™ Chatsworth.

ื˜ื™ืจืช ื”ื•ื•ืืจื“

ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ื–ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืคื ื˜ื–ื™ื” ืคื ื™ืžื” Brideshead Revisited.

ื‘ืชื™ื ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื ื™ ืื’ื•ืจื” ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ื”, ืื‘ืœ ืชืฆื˜ืจืš ืœื ืกื•ืช ื“ื™ ืงืฉื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ืื—ื“ ื›ืžื• ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ื›ืžื• ื˜ื™ืจืช ื”ื•ื•ืืจื“, ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืคืืจ ื”ืชื™ืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ื•ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืฆืคื” ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื”ื•ื•ืืจื“ื™ืืŸ ืžืชื’ืœื’ืœ. ื–ื”ื• ืื—ื“ ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื–ื”ื•ืชื• ืžื™ื“ ืžืชืคืงื™ื“ื• ื‘ื›ื™ื›ื•ื‘ื• Brideshead Revisited - ืืฉืจ ืขืฉื” ืืช ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื• ืกื•ืฃ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืžืื– ืกื“ืจืช ื”ื˜ืœื•ื•ื™ื–ื™ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉื•ื“ืจื” ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช 1980. ื ื“ืจืฉื• ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื’ืœื’ืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื ื•ืช; ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ืืœื”, ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืื•ื›ืœืก ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืฉืคื—ืช ื”ื•ื•ืืจื“, ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื—ืช ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืืช ืฉื˜ื—ื™ (ื”ืžืื” ื” -18 ืžื•ืงืฃ ื”ื’ืŸ, ื•ืจื“ื™ื, ื“ืœืคื ื™ื•ืžื™ื, ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื, ืžื–ืจืงื•ืช ื•ื›ืœ). ื˜ื™ืจืช ื”ื•ื•ืืจื“ ื ืžืฆืืช 15 ืง"ืž ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืœื™ื•ืจืง, ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœ- A64. ื™ืฉื ื ืžืกืคืจ ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ืžืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืจืง - ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืขื ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื•ื—ื•ืช ื–ืžื ื™ื ืขื“ื›ื ื™.

ื”ืืจื“ื•ื•ื™ืง ื”ื•ืœ

ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ื•ื ื ื‘ื ื”, ื”ื–ื›ื•ื›ื™ืช ื”ื™ืชื” ืกืžืœ ืกื˜ื˜ื•ืก - ื•ื”ืืจื“ื•ื•ื™ืง ื”ื•ืœ ื”ื•ื "ื™ื•ืชืจ ื–ื›ื•ื›ื™ืช ืžืงื™ืจ".

ื–ื” ื”ืื•ืœื ื”ืืœื™ื–ื‘ืชื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ื“ืจื’ื” ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ืขืœ ืจืฉื™ืžืช ืฉืœืš ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ืชื™ื ืžืคื•ืืจ. ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืืฉื” ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœื” ื‘ืžืื” ื” -16, ืืœื™ื–ื‘ืช, ื”ืจื•ื–ื ืช ืฉืœ ืฉืจื•ืกื‘ืจื™ - ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื” ื›ื›ื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืก ืžื”ืืจื“ื•ื•ื™ืง. ื‘ืขืœื” ื”ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ืก ืžืช ื‘ืฉื ืช 1590, ื•ื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืื•ืชื” ืขื ืขืจื™ืžื” ืขื ืงื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžื–ื•ืžื ื™ื ืœืฉื—ืง ืขื, ื•ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” Hardwick ื”ื•ืœ ื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ื”ื ื•ื“ืข ืจื•ื‘ืจื˜ Smythson. ื–ื›ื•ื›ื™ืช ื”ื™ืชื” ืกืžืœ ืกื˜ื˜ื•ืก, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื™ื ื™ืฆืื” ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช. ื›ืคื™ ืฉืฆื™ื˜ื˜ ื“ื™ืื˜ื˜ื™ ืขื›ืฉื•ื•ื™, "ื”ืื•ืœื ื”ืืจื“ื•ื•ื™ืง - ื™ื•ืชืจ ื–ื›ื•ื›ื™ืช ืžืงื™ืจ". ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ ืžืคื•ืืจ ื”ื ื—ื“ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ื’ืœืจื™ื” ืืจื•ื›ื”.

ืœื™ื“ ื”ื“ืœืช ื”ื•ื ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื‘ืก, ื”ืื•ืœื“ ื”ื•ืœื™ืง ื”ื•ืœ, ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื—ื•ืจื‘ื” ืจื•ืžื ื˜ื™ืช. ืžืจืชืงื™ื ื’ื ื”ื ื”ื’ื ื™ื ื”ืคื•ืจืžืœื™ื™ื, ื•ื”ืื•ืœื ื™ื•ืฉื‘ ื‘ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืคืืจืง ื”ืจื“ื•ื•ื™ืง ืขื ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืงืฆืจื™ื ื•ืืจื•ื›ื™ื ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืฉื“ื•ืช ื•ื“ืจืš ื”ื™ืขืจ. ืชืฉืืœื• ื‘ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ื ืœืคืจื˜ื™ื. ื”ืืจื“ื•ื•ื™ืง ื”ื•ืœ ื”ื•ื 10 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืฆ'ืกื˜ืจืคื™ืœื“, ืจืง ืืช M1.

ื”ืื“ื•ืŸ ื”ื•ืœ

ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืžื•ืคืช ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ืฉืœื ื”ืฉืชื ืชื” ืžืื– ื™ืžื™ ื”ื ืจื™ ื”ืฉืžื™ื ื™.

ื”ืื“ื•ืŸ ื”ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ื•ื™ืœื™ืื ืคื‘ืจื™ืœ, ื‘ื ื• ืฉืœ ื•ื™ืœื™ืื ื”ื›ื•ื‘ืฉ, ื•ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืจื•ืื” ื›ื™ื•ื ืžืชื•ืืจืš ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžื”ืžืื•ืช ื” -14 ืขื“ ื” -16. ื”ืžืงื•ื ื ื ื˜ืฉ ืžืžืฉ ื‘ืžืื•ืช ื” -18 ื•ื” -19, ื›ืš ืฉื”ื•ื ื ืžืœื˜ ืžื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ื–ืฆื™ื” ืฉื—ื•ื•ื” ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื‘ืชื™ื ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ืงืคืœื”; ื”ื’ืœืจื™ื” ื”ืืจื•ื›ื”, ืฉื˜ื•ืคืช ื”ืื•ืจ ื‘ืื•ืจ ื˜ื‘ืขื™; ื•ืืช ืื•ืœื ื”ื ืฉืคื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ, ืฉืœื ื”ืฉืชื ื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ืžืื– ื™ืžื™ ื”ื ืจื™ ื”ืฉืžื™ื ื™. ื”ืกืจื˜ ืืœื™ื–ื‘ืช ื ื•ืจื” ื›ืืŸ, ื•ืœื ืžืคืชื™ืข, ืื•ืœื ื”ืื“ื•ืŸ ืขืฉื” ืจืงืข ืžื•ืฉืœื. ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ื’ื ื™ื ื™ืคื™ื ื•ื—ืฆืจื•ืช.

ืงืืœืงื™ ืื‘ื™

ื‘ื‘ืขืœื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื•ื ื˜ ืืงืกืฆื ื˜ืจื™, ื›ืžืขื˜ unrenovated, ื–ื” ื‘ื™ืช ืžืคื•ืืจ ืœืœื airbrushing. ื”ื•, ื•ืืช ื”ืžื ื”ืจื”!

ื›ืžื• ืืจื•ืŸ ื ืคืœืื•ืช ืขื ืงื™ ื•ืžื•ื–ื ื—, ืงืœืงื™ ืื‘ื™ ืื™ื ื• ื‘ื™ืชืš ื”ืžื‘ืจื™ืง, ื”ืขืฉื™ืจ, ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขื•ืฉืจ. ื ื‘ื ื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ 1703, ื”ื•ื ื”ื•ืขื‘ืจ ืœืžื˜ื” ืฉื•ืฉืœืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื•ื ื˜ ืืงืกืฆื ื˜ืจื™ ื•ืžืชื‘ื•ื“ื“. ืžืขื˜ ืžืื•ื“ ื”ืฉืชื ื” ืžืื– 1880 - ื–ื” ื“ื•ื’ืžื” ืžื”ืคื ื˜ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื›ืคืจื™ ื‘ื™ืจื™ื“ื”. ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ื”ื™ื ืžื‘ื•ืš ืจืขื•ืข ืฉืœ ืžืกื“ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื—ืฉืื™ื™ื, ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™ื•ืช ื•ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืฉื™ื ืจื”ื™ื˜ื™ื ื™ืฉื ื™ื, ืจืืฉื™ ืจืืฉื™ื ืžื•ืชืงื ื™ื, ืกืคืจื™ื ืžืื•ื‘ืงื™ื, ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืžืžื•ืœืื•ืช ื•ืขืจื™ืžื•ืช ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ืง-ื‘ืจื™ืง ืžืฉืœื•ืฉ ื”ืžืื•ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช.

ื—ื“ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื ื”ื“ืจ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื›ื•ื•ื ื” untouched, ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืขื ื˜ื™ื— ืžืชืคื•ืจืจ ื˜ืคื˜ ืžืขื•ืคืฉ. (ืืชื ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช ื“ืจืš ืžื ื”ืจื” ืืจื•ื›ื” ื•ื—ืฉื•ื›ื” - ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืจืชืงืช ืžื›ืคื™ ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœืžืฆื•ื, ื‘ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ื). ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืœื’ื ื™ื ื”ื•ื ื—ื•ื•ื™ื™ืช ื–ืžืŸ ื“ื•ืžื” - ื‘ืžื—ืกื ื™ื ืœื ื”ืฉืชื ื” ื“ื‘ืจ ืžืื– ื‘ืขืจืš ื‘ -1930, ืื‘ืœ ื ืจืื” ืฉื”ื’ื ืŸ ื ืฉืืจ ืจืง ืืชืžื•ืœ.

ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœื‘ื™ืช Calke Abbey ื”ื•ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืžืชื•ื–ืžืŸ ื‘ื–ืžื ื™ื ืขืกื•ืงื™ื.ื‘ืกื•ืคื™ ืฉื‘ื•ืข ืฉืœ ืงื™ืฅ ื–ื” ื—ื›ื ืœื”ืชืงืฉืจ ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื•ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืงื•ื. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื–ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื’ื ื™ื ื•ืืช ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช. Calke ื”ื•ื 10 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ื“ืจื‘ื™. ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื”ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืจื›ื‘ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ื“ืจืš ื”ื›ืคืจ ื˜ื™ืงื ืืœ. ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืก Arriva 68 ืž ื“ืจื‘ื™ ื›ื“ื™ Swadlincote ืขื•ืฆืจ ื‘ Ticknall (40 ื“ืงื•ืช, ืœืคื™ ืฉืขื”, ืœืฉื ื•ืช ืืช 69 ื‘ืžืœื‘ื•ืจืŸ) ื•ืžืฉื ื–ื” ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืฉืœ 2 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ื“ืจืš ื”ืคืืจืง.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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