ื”ืจื™ ืžืจืืื˜ื•ืก ื”ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืจื ืื•

ื”ืจื™ ืžืจืืื˜ื•ืก ื”ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืจื ืื•

ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืจื ื™ืื• ื ื—ืฆื‘ื• ื‘ืื’ืจืกื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคื ื•ืช ืžืงื•ื ืœืžื˜ืขืžื™ ืฉืžืŸ ื“ืงืœื™ื ื•ืœื›ื ื™ืกื” ืขืจืžื•ืžื™ืช, ื›ืœ ื”ืื™ ื ืจืื” ื›ืžื• ื”ืจื™ ืžืจืื˜ื•ืก. ื–ื” 2,500 ืง"ืž ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื‘ื“ืจื•ื Kalimantan ื™ืฉ ืขืจืคืœ, ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก ืคืกื’ื•ืช ื”ื ื”ืจ, ื’ 'ื•ื ื’ืœื™ื ืฆืคื•ืคื™ื, ืขืžืงื™ื ืชืœื•ืœื™ื ืชืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืงืจืกื˜ ืžืฉื•ื ืŸ. ื”ื ืžืื•ื›ืœืกื™ื ื‘ื›ื‘ื“ื•ืช ื’ื ืขื ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื•ืจื ื™ืื•, ื”ื“ื™ืืง, ืฉืžื ื”ื’ื™ื” ื”ื“ืชื™ื™ื ื”ื—ื–ืงื™ื ืžื ื’ื ื™ื ืœืคืกืงื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืชื•ืฃ ื”ืฉืžืืŸ.

ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ืืช ื”ื”ืจ ื”ื–ื” ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ื™ื ื“ืจืš homestays ื‘ื›ืคืจื™ื ืžืคื•ื–ืจื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ื”ื”ืจ ืจื‘ื™ื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ืืจื•ื›ืช ื˜ื•ื•ื— ืื˜ืžื•ืกืคืจื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื ื”ืจ ืจืคื˜ื™ื ื’ ื• trekking ื‘ื—ืœืง ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืžื–ืจื— ืืกื™ื”.

ืžืœืื™ ืขืœ ืืกืคืงื”

ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœืžืงื•ืจ ื ื”ื’ ื•ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื“ื•ื‘ืจ ืื ื’ืœื™ืช ื‘ืขื™ืจ Banjarmasin ืื• ื‘ืขื™ืจ Kandangan. ื‘ืœืขื“ื™ื”ื, ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืงืฉื”. ื”ื ื™ืขื–ืจื• ืœื›ื ืœืชืงืฉืจ ืขื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ื•ื™ืฉ ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืฉืืคืชื ื™ื™ื ืžื“ื™ ืœืื‘ื“ ืืช ืขืฆืžื - ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืœืฆืžื™ืชื•ืช - ื‘ืžื‘ื•ืš ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื›ื™ ืชืคืจ ืืช ืขืฆืžื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ืฉื˜ื— ืขืฆื•ื ื–ื”.

ืื—ืช ื•ื—ืฆื™ ืฉืขื•ืช ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ืœืงืื ื“ื ื’ืืŸ ื”ื™ื ืœื•ืงืกื“ื•, ื›ืคืจ ื“ื™ื™ื™ืง ื‘ื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ืจื™ ืžืจืื˜ื•ืก. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืžื•ืฆื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื˜ืจืงื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืืจื—ื” ื•ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื•ืช. ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืืจื—ื” ืžืจ ืืœื•ื˜ (ืœื•ืงืกื“ื•, 0-81-3493-46147), ื”ืžืžื•ืงื ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื ื”ืจ, ื™ืฉ ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื ืขื™ืžื™ื ืขื ืงื™ืจื•ืช ืขืฅ ื•ืฉืžื™ื›ื•ืช ื—ืžื•ืช, ื›ืžื• ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื™ื•ืจื“ืช ื‘ื—ื“ื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ืœื”.

ืž ืœื•ืงืกื“ื• ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื˜ืคืก ืืœ ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื‘ืจื’ืœ ืขื ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืฉืœืš. ืขื ืจื“ืช ื”ื—ืฉื›ื”, ืžืฆืคื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ื’ื—ืœื™ืœื™ื•ืช ืžื”ื‘ื”ื‘ื•ืช, ืขื˜ืœืคื™ื ืžืกืชื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ื•ืฉื•ืœื™ ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ืžื•ืืจ ืžืขืช ืœืขืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื” ืฉื ืจืื” ื›ืžื• ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื•ืช ืื™ื ืกืคื•ืจ. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ื–ื” ืœื ืกื™ืžืŸ ื›ื™ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืชื‘ื•ื ื ื™ื ื‘ืš - ื–ื” ื–ืจื—ื ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืคื˜ืจื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจืžื” ื ืžื•ื›ื”. ื›ืœ ื”ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ื”ื™ื ื™ืคื” ืœื”ืคืœื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืคื•ื ื“ืงืื™ ืกืคืงื˜ืจืœื™ ื˜ื‘ืขื™.

ื‘ืชื™ื ื‘ื›ืคืจ ื“ื™ื™ืง

ืขื ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื“ื™ืืง ืฉืœ headhunting ื• animism, ื›ืžื” ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื›ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืืจืฅ ื”ื ื›ืžื• ืขื˜ื•ืฃ ื›ื–ื” ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก. ืื›ืŸ, ืžืขื˜ ืžืื•ื“ ื”ืฉืชื ื” ื‘ืžืื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื”: ื—ืงืœืื•ืช (ืกืœืืฉ ื•ืฉืจืคื”) ื•ืžื ื”ื’ื™ื ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ืฆืคื™ื, ื•ื”ืฉืžืืŸ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื—ื–ื™ืง ืžืขืžื“ ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื, ืœืžืจื•ืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื˜ืœืคื•ื ื™ื ื ื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื•ื˜ืœื•ื•ื™ื–ื™ื” ื‘ืœื•ื•ื™ื™ืŸ.

ืขื ื”ื”ื’ืขื” ืœื›ืคืจ, ืืชื” ืื• ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืฉืœืš ื™ืฆื˜ืจื›ื• ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืืช ืงืคืืœื” ืงืžืคื•ื ื’ (ืจืืฉ ื”ื›ืคืจ) ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”, ื•ื›ืŸ ืชืจื•ืžื” ื›ืกืคื™ืช ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื ืขืฉื” ืœื• ืขืœ ืขื–ื™ื‘ืชืš.

ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ืฉื‘ื™ืช-ืžืฉืคื—ื” ื™ื›ืœื•ืœ ืกื™ื•ืจ ื‘ืื›ืกื ื™ื”, ืฉื ื”ื™ื• ื› -30 ืžืฉืคื—ื•ืช ืžืชื’ื•ืจืจื•ืช ื™ื—ื“ ืชื—ืช ืงื•ืจืช ื’ื’ ืื—ืช. ื›ื™ื•ื, ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื™ืฉ ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื ืžืฉืœื”ื, ื‘ืชื™ื ื ืคืจื“ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ longhouse ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืจืขื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ืคืจ, ืฉื‘ื• ื˜ืงืกื™ื ื•ื—ื’ื™ื’ื•ืช ืžืชืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ื”ืชืคื™ืœื•ืช ื ืขืฉื•ืช ืขืœ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ืจื•ื—.

ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืžื–ืœ, ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื›ืคืจ pembeliatn (ืฉืืžืืŸ) ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ืชืคืงื™ื“ื• ื”ื•ื ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืจืขื•ืช, ื›ื™ ื”ื ืžืฆืจืคื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื Juus (ื”ื ืฉืžื”) ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ื, ื•ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืฆื‘ืช ืขืฆืžื• ื‘ื˜ืจืื ืก ื”ื•ื ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื˜ื”ืจ ืืช ื”ื ืฉืžื” ื ืคื’ืข. ื’ื ื”ืฉืืžืŸ ื”ื•ื ื”ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื—ืฉื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืžื™ืกืชื•ืจื™ื™ื ื”ืื•ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ืขืจ.

ืื ืืชื” ื ืฉืืจ ื”ืœื™ืœื”, ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ืฉืืชื” ืชื•ืฆืข ืœื™ื ื” ื‘ longhouse stilted, ื™ืฉืŸ ืขืœ ืžื–ืจืŸ ื“ืง ื•ืื•ื›ืœ ืžื” ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ืžื•ืฆืข ืœืš. ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื•ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืžื‘ืงืฉื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืจืื•ืช ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” ื”ื‘ื™ืชื”, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื•ื•ื“ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืื™ืชืš. ืื‘ืœ ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืฆืœื, ืœื‘ืงืฉ ืจืฉื•ืช ืชื—ื™ืœื”.

ื˜ืจืงื™ื ื•ืจืคื˜ื™ื ื’

ื˜ืจืงื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ืžืฉืš ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืžื” ืฉืขื•ืช ืœืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื™ืžื™ื, ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืจืžืช ื”ื›ื•ืฉืจ ืฉืœืš ื•ื›ืžื” ืขืžื•ืง ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื—ื“ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืคื ื™ื. ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืื—ื“ ืฉื•ื•ื” ืœืงื—ืช ื”ื•ื ืกื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ืžืคืœื™ื ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื›ืคืจ Harati. ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ืžืฆื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืขืงื‘ ืื—ืจ ื ื”ืจ Amandit ื‘ืžืขืœื” ืžืœื•ืงืกื“ื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ื› -8 ืง"ืž. ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ื ืขืฉื” ืงืฉื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืืชื” ืžื’ื™ืข ืžืคืœ ื’ื‘ื•ื”, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžื“ืจื™ืš.

ืืœ ืชื—ืžื™ืฆื• ืืช ื”ืื›ืกื“ืจื” ื”ืžื’ื•ืœืคืช ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ื‘ื›ืคืจ Malaris, ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืกืคื•ืจื™ื ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื ื”ืจ ืžืœื•ืงืกื“ื•, ืืฉืจ ืคืขื ื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจื• ื‘ -32 ืžืฉืคื—ื•ืช. ืื ืœื ื™ืชืงื™ื™ืžื• ื˜ืงืกื™ื, ืืคืฉืจ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื›ืืŸ ืื ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืฉืœืš ื™ื“ื‘ืจ ืขื ืจืืฉ ื”ื›ืคืจ.

ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืืœ Meratus, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื ื”ืจ ืจืฅ ื’ื‘ื•ื”, ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืฉืœื ื‘ืœื™ ืจืคื˜ื™ื ื’ ืขืœ ื ื”ืจ Amandit. ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืกื™ื•ื ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื” ื”ื™ื ื”ื›ืคืจ Muara Tanuhi, ื›ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืžื•ืจื“ ืœื•ืงืกื“ื•; ืžืกืคื™ืง ื–ืžืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืชืช ืœืš ืœื˜ืขื•ื ืืช ื”ืžืคืœื™ื ื•ืืช ืคืจืฅ ืฉืœ ืื“ืจื ืœื™ืŸ ื‘ืขืช โ€‹โ€‹ืฉืขื‘ืจ ื“ืจืš ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” Karst ืื˜ืžื•ืกืคืจื™ ื™ืขืจ ืคืจืื™.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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