ืžื™ ื–ื•ื›ื” ื‘ืื•ืกืงืจ ืœื™ืขื“ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ: ื”ื•ื•ืื™ ืื• ืคืจื™ื–?

ืžื™ ื–ื•ื›ื” ื‘ืื•ืกืงืจ ืœื™ืขื“ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ: ื”ื•ื•ืื™ ืื• ืคืจื™ื–?

ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื”ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ื”ืืžื™ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืกืจื˜ ื”ื•ื ื”ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ืขืฆืžื”. ืจื™ืฆ'ืจื“ ืœื™ื ืงืœื™ื™ื˜ืจ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื–ืจื™ื—ื” ื“ื™ ืžื•ื›ืจ ื•ื™ื ื” ืœื›ืœ ืžื™ ื—ืฉื‘ ืจืง ืขื•ื‘ืจ. ืืœืคืจื“ ื”ื™ืฆ'ืงื•ืง ืกึฐื—ึทืจื—ื•ึนืจึถืช ื”ื™ื ืœืžืขืฉื” ื’ืœื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ืฉืœ ืกื•ืฃ ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -50. ืฉืœ ื•ื•ื“ื™ ืืœืŸ ืžื ื”ื˜ืŸ ืขื•ืฉื” ืื•ืชื• ื“ื‘ืจ ื’ื ื‘ื ื™ื•-ื™ื•ืจืง, ื•ื’ื ื‘ืฉื—ื•ืจ-ืœื‘ืŸ ื ืฆื—ื™.

ื•ืืœื” ืจืง ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืกืจื˜ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื.

ื”ืฉื ื”, ืฉื ื™ ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ื™ ืื•ืกืงืจ ืœืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื‘ืจ ืžืฉื ื™ื ืืช ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืกืจื˜: ื”ืฆืืฆืื™ื ืขื•ืฉื” ืœื”ื•ื•ืื™, ืžื” ืฉืœ ื•ื•ื“ื™ ืืœืŸ ื—ืฆื•ืช ื‘ืคืจื™ื– ืขื•ืฉื” ืœืžืขืŸ ื”ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ืขื™ืจ ื”ืื•ืจ.

ืœืœื ืฉื: desintation ื—ื›ื, ืืฉืจ ืœื“ืขืชืš ื–ื•ื›ื” ื”ืื•ืกืงืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื™ืขื“ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ? ื”ื ื” ื”ืžืงืจื” ืฉื›ืœ ืกืจื˜ ืขื•ืฉื” - ืœื”ืฉืœื™ืš ืืช ื”ื”ืฆื‘ืขื” ืฉืœืš ืœืžื˜ื”:

ื”ืฆืืฆืื™ื ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื™

ื’'ื•ืจื’' ืงืœื•ื ื™, ืžืื˜ ืงื™ื ื’, ื ืฉื›ื— ืœืœื ื”ืจืฃ ื‘ืจืฆื•ืขื•ืชื™ื• ื“ืจืš ืฉื›ื•ื ืช ื ื•ืื•ืื ื• ื”ื™ืคื” ื‘ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื•ืœื•ืœื•; ืกืฆื™ื ื•ืช ื—ื•ืฃ ืžื›ืจื™ืข ื ืขืฉื™ื ืขืœ ื•ื•ืื™ืงื™ืงื™ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ืขืœ ื”ืื™ ืฉืœ ื•ืื”ื. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืกืจื˜ ื”ื•ื ื›ืœ Kaua'i, ื”ืื™ ืฉืงื˜ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืคืจื™ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ืจื™ืงื™ื ื•ื”ืจื™ื ืฉื•ืคืขื™ื ื›ื™ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื•ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืœื›ื ื•ืช ืืช "ื”ื•ื•ืื™ ื”ืืžื™ืชื™ืช."

ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ืื•ืคื™ ืฉืœ ืงืœื•ื ื™.

ืื™ืคื” ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ

ืงืœื•ื ื™ ืจืฅ ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ืงื•ื˜ื’'ื™ื ืขืœ ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื ืืœื™, ืื—ื“ ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื. ืงื•ื˜ื’ 'ื™ื ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ืฉืœื ื• ื›ืืŸ ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช Suraleboard Hanalei, ื’ื“ืจ ื›ืœื•ื ืกืื•ืช ืœื‘ืŸ ืขื ื ื•ืฉื "ืืœื‘ื™ืก" ื• "cowgirl" ($ 250 ืœืœื™ืœื”). ื‘ Hanalei Dolphin ืงื•ื˜ื’'ื™ื, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉื™ืง ืงื™ืืง ืื• ืœืขืžื•ื“ ืขืœ ืœื•ื— ื”ื”ื ืขื” ืžื”ื—ืฆืจ ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ืช (200 $ ืœืœื™ืœื”).

ืื™ืคื” ืœืื›ื•ืœ ื•ืœืฉืชื•ืช

ืงืœื•ื ื™ ืœื•ืงื— ืืช ื‘ื ื•ืชื™ื•, ื•ืคื•ื’ืฉ ื‘ื‘ืื• ื‘ืจื™ื“ื’'ืก, ื‘ืžื•ืกื“ ื”ื ืืœื™ื™, ืฆืจื™ืฃ ื”ืขืฅ ื˜ื”ื™ื˜ื™ ื ื•ื™, ืฉื ืคืชื— ื‘ -1964 ื•ื”ื•ื ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ืงื•ืงื˜ื™ื™ืœ ื”ืฆืœื™ืœื” ื•ื”ืžื•ืคืข ืฉืœื•. ื–ื” ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืชื™, ืื‘ืœ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื•ื›ื“ืช ืืช ื”ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ื•ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื”.

ื’ืŸ ืขื“ืŸ ืคืจื˜ื™

ืงืœื•ื ื™ ืกื•ื‘ืœ ื‘ืกืจื˜ ืขืœ ืžื›ื™ืจืชื• ืฉืœ ื’ืŸ ืขื“ืŸ ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ ืขืชื™ืง ืœื—ืคื•ืจ ืœืชื•ืš ื“ื™ืจื•ืช. ื”ืžืงื•ื ืืžื™ืชื™. ืจืง ืžื“ืจื•ื ืœืฉื“ื” ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ืœื™ื•, ื‘ืคื™ื ื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช-ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™, ื”ื™ื” ืงื™ืคื• ืจืื ืฅ ', ื›ืžื• ื‘ืกืจื˜, ืคืขื ื”ื ื›ืก ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืžืฉืคื—ืช ื”ืžืœื•ื›ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื•ืื™. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ, ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืžื—ื ื” ืฉื. ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ืงืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื”ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื˜ืจืงื˜ื•ืจื•ื ื™ื ืขืœ Kipu ื˜ื•ืจืก ื›ื•ืœืœ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืืชืจื™ ืกืจื˜ื™ื (ืื™ื ื“ื™ืื ื” ื’ 'ื•ื ืก ืขืฉื” ืืช ื“ืจื›ื• ืœื›ืืŸ ืžื“ื™), ืžืคืœื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื‘ื•ื“ื“.

ืžื” ื”ื™ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืกืจื˜

ื˜ื™ื•ืœ: ืžืฆืจืš Kaua'i. ืœื ืจื—ื•ืง ืžื—ื•ืฃ ืงื™ืคื•, ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืฉืœ ืžื”ืื•ืœื ื”ื•ื ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ ืืจื‘ืขื” ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจ ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื—ื•ืกืคืก ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื—ื•ืœ ืงื˜ื™ืคืชื™ (ื•ืžื™ื ื“ื™ ืžืกื•ืœืกืœื™ื). ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืžืŸ ืชืฆืคื™ืช Kalalau ืขื•ืงืคืช ืœืื•ืจืš ืฉืคืช ื”ืงื ื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืฉืงื™ืฃ ืขืœ ื—ื•ืฃ Napali ืžืฆื™ืข ืื—ื“ ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืื™ืงื•ื ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื•ืื™.

ืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ ื‘ื™ืช

ื”ืกืจื˜ ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ืขืœ ืงืื•ืื™ ื”ืืจื˜ ื”ืžื™ื ื’ืก "ื”ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื", ืืฉืจ ื™ืขืฉื” ื˜ื•ื‘, ืื ื‘ืจื•ืจ, ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืงืจื™ืื”. ืื—ืจืช, ืœืฆืคื•ืช ื‘ื’ืจืกื” 1958 ื”ืกืจื˜ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ื–ืžืจ ื“ืจื•ื ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืงื˜, ืคืืจืง ื”ื™ื•ืจื” ื•ืืช ื™ืจื” ื”ืคืชื™ื—ื” ืฉืœ ืื™ ื”ืคื ื˜ื–ื™ื” ืกื“ืจื” - ื›ื•ืœื ืžืฆื•ืœืžื™ื ื›ืืŸ.

ื—ืฆื•ืช ื‘ืคืจื™ื– ื‘ืคืจื™ื–

"ืืชื” ืžืื•ื”ื‘ ื‘ืคื ื˜ื–ื™ื”", ืžืกืคืจืช ื”ื“ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจื—ืœ ืžืงืื“ืžืก ืขืœ ื’ื™ืœ ืคื ื“ืจ ืฉืœ ืื•ื•ืŸ ื•ื™ืœืกื•ืŸ ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืกืจื˜. ื˜ื•ื‘, ืœื ื›ื•ืœื ื•? ื•ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืœืจื“ื•ืฃ ืื—ืจื™ ืคืจื™ื– ืฉืœ ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -20 (ืื• ื‘ืœ ืืคื•ืง) ื”ื•ื ืฉื›ืœ ื–ื” ื—ื™ ืคื—ื•ืช ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืฆื“ ื”ื”ื•ื•ื”.

ืื™ืคื” ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ

ืื•ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืฆื”. ื—ื“ืจื™ ื”ืœื™ื•ืงืก ืฉืœื”ื ื ื•ืจื• ื‘ืžืœื•ืŸ ื‘ืจื™ืกื˜ื•ืœ, ืฉืคืชื— 1925 ืฉืœื• ืžืฉืš ืื ืฉื™ื ื›ืžื• ืคื™ืงืืกื• ื•ืกืœื‘ื“ื•ืจ ื“ืืœื™.

ื ืกื™ื ืืžื™ืชื™ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ื—ื“ืจ 14 ื‘ืžืœื•ืŸ ื“'ืื ื’ืœื˜ืจ, ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื™ ื ืฉืืจ ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœื• ื›ืฉืขื‘ืจ ืœืคืืจื™ืก ื‘ -1921. Nerd ืื• ืœื, ื–ื”ื• ืžืœื•ืŸ ืžืงืกื™ื ื‘ืŸ 27 ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืฉืงื˜ ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ืืžื ื•ืช ืืงื•ืœ ื“ื” ื‘ื•ืงืก.

ืื™ืคื” ืœืื›ื•ืœ

St-Germain ืฉืœ ืžืกืขื“ื” Polidor, ืฉื ืื•ื•ืŸ ืคื•ื’ืฉ ืืจื ืกื˜ ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื™, ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื“ื—ื™ืคื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ืกืจื˜. ืคืชื•ื— ืžืื– 1845, ื–ื” ื ืจืื” ื›ืžื• ื‘ืกืจื˜, ื‘ืชื•ืกืคืช ืืจื ืกื˜ ื”ืืžื™ืชื™ ืื›ืŸ ืœืื›ื•ืœ ื›ืืŸ.

ืื™ืคื” ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืื™ืจ

ืื—ืจื™ ื”ืคืจื™ื“ื” ืฉืœื•, ืื•ื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืจื“ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืกืคืจื™ื ื‘ืฉืคื” ื”ืื ื’ืœื™ืช ื‘ืื’ืฃ ื”ืจื•ื‘ืข ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ ืฉื™ื™ืงืกืคื™ืจ & Company, ืื•ืชื• ื—ื ื•ืช ืฉื ืคืชื—ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉืงื™ืขื”. ื‘ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ืกื’ืจื• ื”ื ืืฆื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ (ื‘ -12 ืจื• ื“ื” ืœ'ืื•ื“ื•ืŸ), ืฉื ื•ืกื“ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกื™ืœื‘ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฅ '- ืฉื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื™ ื˜ืขืŸ ื›ื™ "ืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืฉื”ื›ืจืชื™ ืื™ ืคืขื ืœื ื”ื™ื” ื ื•ื— ืœื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ". 1951, ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืจื™ื’ื•ืฉ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ ืกืคืจื™ื, ืขื ืกืคืจื™ื™ื” ืžืื•ื‘ืงืช ืœืžืขืœื” ื•ืžื•ืฉื‘ื™ ืงื•ืœื ื•ืข ืœืฉืงื•ืข ืขื ืื—ื“ ื”ืกืคืจื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืื• ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ.

ืื™ืคื” ืœืงื ื•ืช

Owen ืฉื™ื—ื•ืช ืขื ืื™ืฉื” ืฆืจืคืชื™ืช ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืขืœ ืงื•ืœ ืคื•ืจื˜ืจ, ืืฉืจ "ื‘ื•ืื• ื ืขืฉื” ืืช ื–ื”" ืžืฉื—ืง ื—ืœืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืกืจื˜, ืขืœ ืฉื•ืง ื”ืคืฉืคืฉื™ื ืกื ื˜ ืื•ืืŸ ื ืคืœื, ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืžืื– 1800 ื• ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืžื•ื ื” 2500 ืกืคืงื™ื. ื–ื” ืžืงื•ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื™ืฉื ื™ื, ืื•ืœื™ ืืคื™ืœื• ื›ืžื” ื›ื•ื‘ืขื™ื boater ืฉื˜ื•ื— ืืชื” ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื”ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืœื•ื‘ืฉ ื‘ืงืคื” ื“ื” ืœื” Paix ื‘ืฉื ืช 1920 ื–ื” ืกืœื™ืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื”.

ื”ืืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืชื•ื ื” ื”ืกื•ืจื™ืืœื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืกืจื˜, ืฉื ืื•ื•ืŸ ื ื•ืชืŸ ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ืงื•ืœื ื•ืข ืœืœื•ืื™ืก ื‘ื•ื ื•ืืœ, ื”ื•ื Deyrolle, ื—ื ื•ืช ืคื—ืœื•ืฅ ืคืชื•ื— ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืจืื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืืžื™ืŸ. ืคืชื•ื— ืžืื– 1831, ืชืžืฆื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืžื•ืœืื™ื, ืœืžื›ื™ืจื”: ื—ืกื™ื“ื•ืช, ื ืžืจ, ืคืจืคืจื™ื.

ืžื” ื”ื™ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืกืจื˜

ืื•ื˜ื•ื•ืื™ืœ ื”ื”ื™ืคื•ื“ืจื•ื ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ืžืจื•ืฆื™ื. ืžืจื•ืฆื™ ืกื•ืกื™ื ืฉืงืœื• ื‘ื›ื‘ื“ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื™ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื• ื”"ืื™ื‘ื•ื“ื™ื" (ื›ืคื™ ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ืชื™ืื•ืจื• ื”ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืฉืœ ืื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื™ืคืžืŸ: "ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ืžืฉื•ื‘ื— ื•ื”ื•ื ื™ื“ืข ื•ื˜ื™ืคืœ ื‘ืกื•ืกื™ื"). ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื”ืกื•ืกื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืก, ื”- Auteiul, ื”ื•ื ื’ืจื ื“ ืžืชืคื•ืจืจ ืืš ืžืคื•ืืจ ืžืฉื ืช 1873. ื•ืื—ื“ ืžื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืฆืคื™ื™ื” ื”ื—ื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ืžื’ื“ืœ ืื™ื™ืคืœ.

ืกื™ื•ืจ ื”ืœื™ื›ื”

ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ expat ื‘ืคืจื™ื– ื’ 'ื•ืŸ Baxter, ืžื—ื‘ืจื ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ื”ื™ืคื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ืžื•ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื”ืžื‘ื•ืกืกื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืกืคืจื•ืช ืž -100 ื™ื•ืจื• ืœืื“ื.

ืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ ื‘ื™ืช

ืงืจืื• ืืช ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ื ื•ืชื™ื• ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืืจื ืกื˜ ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™, ื—ื’ ืžืจื’ืฉ, ื‘ืขืฆื ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœืกืจื˜.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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