ืงื™ื ืžืŸ ืื™ื™ืœื ื“: ืœื”ืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ 40 ืฉื ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ื“ื•ืช

ืงื™ื ืžืŸ ืื™ื™ืœื ื“: ืœื”ืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ 40 ืฉื ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ื“ื•ืช

ืื™ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ืžื• ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ื™ื ื™ ืœื—ื™ืžื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ืืจื•ื›ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืคืขืžื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื”ืื™ ืงื™ื ืžืŸ, ืงื• ื”ื’ื ื” ื‘ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืคื ื™ ืคืœื™ืฉื” ืงื•ืžื•ื ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ืœื˜ื™ื™ื•ื•ืืŸ, ื”ื™ื• ืืœื” ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื›ืคืจื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ื ื™ืคื•ืช, ื ื•ืฃ ืžื™ื•ืขืจ ืขื‘ื•ืช, ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื ืจื•ืขืฉื™ื ืœืืœื•ื”ื™ ืžื’ืŸ, ื•ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื—ื•ืœื™ื™ื ื ื˜ื•ืœื™ ืžื•ืงืฉื™ื ืžืคื—ื™ื“ื™ื .

ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื”ืชืื•ืฉืฉื•ืช ื ืืœืฆื” ืœื”ืžืชื™ืŸ ืขื“ 1995 - ื”ืฉื ื” ืฉื‘ื” ื”ืคืš ื”ืื™ ืœืคืืจืง ืœืื•ืžื™ - ืื‘ืœ ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื”ืื™ ื”ืฆืœื™ื—ื• ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ ืœืื—ื•ืจ, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืชืช ืœื• ืคื•ืœื ื™ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”.

ื–ื” ืขื–ืจ ืœื”ื ืืช ื”ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืขื. ืงื— ืืช ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืจื•ื‘ ืฉื•ืฉืœืช ืฆ'ื™ื ื’ (AD 1644-1912), ืงื™ื ืžืŸ ื’ื“ืœ ืขืฉื™ืจ ืขื ื”ืกื—ืจ, ื•ืืช ื”ืฉื‘ื˜ ื”ืชื—ืจื• ืฉื‘ื˜ ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ืžืขืžื“ ืขื ื‘ืชื™ื”ื. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืื ื’ืœื• ืืจืžื•ื ื•ืช fuse ืžื–ืจื— ื•ืžืขืจื‘ ืกื’ื ื•ื ื•ืช, ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืกื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืกื™ื ื™ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ื‘ืžืจืื”: ืงื•ืžื” ืื—ืช ืขื ื—ื–ื™ืช ืœื‘ื ื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื•ืช ื•ืžืขืœื™ื” ืžืจื–ื‘ื™ื ื”ืชืœื•ื™. ื–ื” ื›ืœืœ ืืฆื‘ืข ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉืื ื”ื’ื’ ืžื˜ืื˜ื ื•ื ื•ืฉืจ ื›ืžื• ื–ื ื‘ ืฉืœ ืกื ื•ื ื™ืช ืขื“ื™ื ื”, ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืฉื‘ื ืชื” ืื•ืชื• ื”ื™ืชื” ืขืฉื™ืจื”. ื ื’ื™ืขื•ืช ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช ืขืœ ื‘ืชื™ื ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™ื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืžืฉืงื•ืฃ ืžื•ืฉืงืข ืขื ืฆืœืžื™ื•ืช ืงืจืžื™ื•ืช, ืืจื™ื—ื™ื ืžื–ื•ื’ื’ื™ื, ืชื‘ืœื™ื˜ ืื‘ืŸ ื•ื’ื™ืœื•ืคื™ื ืžืคื•ืจื˜ื™ื ืขืœ ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ืขืฅ ื—ืฉื•ืคื•ืช.

ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ ืคื•ืœืง, ื›ืžื• ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ ืกืžื•ืงื™ ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืœืืœื™ื, ื–ื›ื• ืœืชื ื•ืคื”. ืื•, ืœื™ืชืจ ื“ื™ื•ืง, ืžื™ืžื•ืŸ. ืžืฆืขื“ "ืžื‘ืจืš ืขืœ ืืœื•ื”ื™ื", ืžืกืข ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืœืจื’ืœ ืฉืœ ื—ืกื™ื“ื™ื ื™ืงืจื™ื ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืขืจ ื”ืžื™ื•ืขืจ, ื”ื•ื ื‘ืŸ ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ืจืง ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืงื™ื ืžืŸ ืฉืžืข ืขืœ ื›ืš (ื“ืจืš ื›ืžื” ืคืจืกื•ืžื•ืช ืžื•ืฆืœื—ื•ืช ืœื ืคื—ื•ืช). ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืงืœ ืœื›ืชื•ื‘ ื›ื™ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืข ื ืžืฆื ื›ืขืช ื‘ืกื›ื ื” ืฉืœ ืœืื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ืื•ืชื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื•, ืื‘ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื”ื˜ื™ื•ื•ืื ื™ืช, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื–ืžื ื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื, ื”ื—ื’ื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืืคื™ืœื• ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื•ื”ืืœื™ื ืขืฆืžื ืœื ื”ืกืชืคืงื• ื‘ืฉื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ืคื—ื•ืช.

ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืžืชืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืคืชื™ื—ืชื ืฉืœ ืืชืจื™ื ืฆื‘ืื™ื™ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ื”ืชื’ื•ื“ื“ื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช (ืงื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื). ืื‘ืœ ืจื•ื‘ื ื™ื•ื“ื• ืฉื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฆื‘ืื™ืช ืœื ื”ื™ืชื” ื’ืจื•ืขื”. ื—ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืกืจืงื™ื ืฉื™ืžืฉื• ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื, ืœื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืคืืจืงื™ื, ืœืฉืชื™ืœืช ืขืฆื™ื, ืœื’ื™ื ื•ืŸ ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืื™ืกื•ืฃ ืืฉืคื”. ื•ื‘ืœื™ ืžื•ืงืฉื™ื ืžืชื—ืชื™ื”ื, ื—ื•ืคื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืงื™ื ืžืŸ ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื™ ืœื ื ืฉืืจื• ืœื ืžืคื•ืชื—ื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืš ื–ืžืŸ ื›ื” ืจื‘

ืื’ืžื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ ื•ื‘ืจื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื ื’ื ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืฆื‘ืื™ื•ืช. ื›ืš ืœืžืฉืœ, ืื’ื ืœื™ ื˜ืื™, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื ื•ืฆืจ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื‘ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ืžื”ื™ืจ ืขืœ ืฉืคืช ื”ืœื’ื•ื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืงืœ ืขืœ ืชื ื•ืขืช ื”ื˜ื ืงื™ื. ื”ื˜ื ืงื™ื ื ืขืœืžื•, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ืื’ื ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืช ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื ื•ื“ื“ื•ืช, ื•ื”ืžืจืื” ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืงื•ืจืžื•ืจื ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืจื™ื ื”ื ื—ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ื ื‘ืฉืขืช ืขืจื‘ ืžืื•ื—ืจืช ื”ืคืš ืœืื—ื“ ื”ื“ื™ืžื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืื™ืงื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื™ื ืžืŸ.

ื‘ืงื™ืฆื•ืจ, ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื”ืื™ ื”ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ืชื•ื›ืŸ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ืืœื” ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉื’ืจื” ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื›ืคืจ. ื”ื‘ื“ื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื”ืกืชื™ื™ืžื” ื–ื” ืžื›ื‘ืจ, ืืš ืขื ื”ืžื•ืœื“ืช ืฉืœื”ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืจื•ื—ืงืช ื“ื™ื”, ื”ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™ื ืื™ื ื ืฆืคื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœื›ื•ื— ืฉื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ื˜ื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ืฉืœื•ื.

ืื™ืš: Kinmen ื”ื™ื ื˜ื™ืกื” ืงืฆืจื” ื”ืจื—ืง ืžื”ืขืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื˜ื™ื™ื•ื•ืืŸ, ืื• ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืžืขื‘ื•ืจืช ืฉืขื” ืž ืฉื™ืืžืŸ, ืกื™ืŸ. ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ืขืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ื•ื ืงืœ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช, ืงื˜ื ื•ืข ื•ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื•ืžืกื•ื“ืจื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ื“ืจืš ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืื—ื“ ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ื™ืฉื ื™ื.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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