48 ืฉืขื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ื™ื ื”

48 ืฉืขื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ื™ื ื”

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื›ื ืจืื” ืœื ืคื™ืงื ื™ืง ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืืฉืจ ืกื‘ืœื• ืืช ื–ื”, ืกื™ื ื” ืฉืœ ืžืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ื”ื”ืื˜ื” ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื™ืช ื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ืฉืœื˜ื•ืŸ ืžื“ื™ืฆ'ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื›ืขืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืขืจืš ื›ืžื• ื‘ืจื›ื” ืจื˜ืจื•ืืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช. ื”ืžื—ืกื•ืจ ื‘ื›ืกืคื™ ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื ืœื‘ืฆืข ื”ืจื™ืกื” ืื• ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื—ื“ืฉื” (ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™ื ื”ื ื•ื˜ืœื™ื ืืช ืกื™ื™ื ื” ืœืœื ื›ืœ ื”ืชื ื’ื“ื•ืช ืื• ื ื–ืง ื‘ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”) ื”ื•ืชื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื’ื•ืชื™ ืžืฉื•ืžืจ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘.

ื”ืชื•ืฆืื”, ื”ืžืจื›ื– ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ื”ืžืชืคืชืœ ืฉืœ ืกื™ื™ื ื”, ืืชืจ ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื ืกืง"ื•, ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”. ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื”ืงื•ืžืื ืœื” ืคืืœืืฆื• ื•ืืช ื”ืงืชื“ืจืœื” ื ื•ื™ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืฉ ื”ื—ื™ื•ื‘ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื›ืžืขื˜ ืขื ื›ืœ ืžืจื›ื– ืžืฉื•ืžืจ / ืžืฉื•ื—ื–ืจ ืฉืœ ืกื™ื™ื ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ืœื•ื™ื” ื’ืœื•ื™ื”, ืืคืฉืจ ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœื‘ืœื•ืช 48 ืฉืขื•ืช ื›ืืŸ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื‘ื–ื‘ื– ื™ื•ืจื• ืื—ื“ ืขืœ ื“ืžื™ ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื•ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื‘ื•ื ืžืฉื ืžื™ืœื ื• enthralled.

ืขื ื–ืืช, ื–ื”ื• ืžืกืœื•ืœ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœื” ื”ืžื‘ืงืฉื™ื ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ื—ื–ื™ืชื•ืช ื”ืžื”ืคื ื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืขื ื”ืคืกืงื•ืช ื‘ื—ืœืง ืžืŸ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ืžืกืขื“ื•ืช ื‘ืกื“ืจ.

ื™ื•ื 1

ืกื™ื™ื ื” ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื”ืžื ื•ืขื™ืช ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1966, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื ืขื™ืžื” ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ื‘ืจื’ืœ. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืกืคื™ื™ืง ืขื•ืžืก ืกื ืกื•ืจื™, ืจืืฉ Piazza del Duomo ืœืกืคื•ื’ ืืช ื”ืงืชื“ืจืœื”, ืื—ื“ ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ื’ื•ืชื™. ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื”ื•ืฉืœืžื” ื‘ืจื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ 1196 ื• 1215, ืื ื›ื™ ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื ืžืฉื›ื” ื’ื ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืžืื” ื” -13. ื‘ื—ื–ื™ืช ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ื”ืœื‘ืŸ, ื”ื™ืจื•ืง ื•ื”ืื“ื•ื, ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืชืคืจื™ื˜ ื”ืจืืฉื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืงืชื“ืจืœื”, ืจืฆืคืช ื”ืฉื™ืฉ ื”ืžืฉื•ื‘ืฅ, ื”ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ืช ืขื 56 ืคืื ืœื™ื ืžืคื•ืจื˜ื™ื ืฉื‘ื•ืฆืขื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืื” ื” -14 ืœ -16.

ืจึธืขึตื‘? ืจืืฉ ืœื”ืื˜ ืืช ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ืื™ืฉืจ ืืช Il Carroccio (ืกื’ื•ืจ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™) ืœืืจื•ื—ืช ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื - ืœืžืจื•ืช ืคืชืง ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช, ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืฉื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืื•ื—ืจ ืž 12:30 ื•ืืชื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ืกืชื›ืŸ ื‘ื”ืžืชื ื” ืžืžื•ืฉื›ืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื“ืจื›ื”. ืคืกื˜ื” ื”ื ืคืงื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ pici, ืกืคื’ื˜ื™ ืขื‘ื” ืื•ืคื™ื™ื ื™ ืœืื–ื•ืจ.

ืืœื ืื ื›ืŸ ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื”ื•ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืžื“ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื—ืžื™ืฅ, ืจืืฉ ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” Piazza del Duomo ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืื—ื“ ื‘ Museale di Santa Maria della Scala ืฉื”ื•ื, ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืจื™ืฆื”, ืžื—ื•ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื. ื–ื” ื”ื•ืกืคื™ืก ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขื•ืœื™ ื”ืจื’ืœ, ืขื“ ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ื™ื—ืกื™ืช, ื‘ื™ืช ื—ื•ืœื™ื ืขื•ื‘ื“, ืžื›ื™ืœ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืืœืฃ ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื”, ืืžื ื•ืช ื“ืชื™ืช ื•ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช. ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ืงื™ืจ ื”ื—ื™ื•ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ื•ืžื ื™ืงื• ื“ื™ ื‘ืจื˜ื•ืœื• ืžืขื™ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืชื™ื• ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื•ืคื˜ืจื•ื ื™ื• ื•ืžืžืœืื™ื ืืช ืงื•ืžืช ื”ืงืจืงืข ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื›ื ืกื™ื™ืช ืฆ'ื™ื™ืกื” ื“ืœื” ืกืื ื˜ื™ืกื™ืžื” ืื ื•ื ืฆื™ืื˜ื”, ื›ื ืกื™ื™ื” ืžื”ืžืื” ื” -13 (ืฉื•ืคืฆื” ื‘ืžืื” ื” -15). ืœืžื˜ื” ืชืžืฆืื• ืืช ื”ืคืื ืœ ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ืคื•ื ื˜ื” ื’ืื™ื”, ื”ืžื–ืจืงืช ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžืช ื‘ืคื™ืืฆื” ื“ืœ ืงืืžืคื•, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืงืคืœื” ืงื˜ื ื”, ืืš ืžืกืงืจื ืช. ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ืฉื•ื›ื ืช ื‘ืžื ื”ืจื•ืช ืžืจืชืฃ ืขืชื™ืงื•ืช, ืžืงื•ืฉืชื•ืช, ื”ื•ื ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื”ืžื›ื™ืœ ืื•ืกืฃ ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉื ืžืฆืื• ืœื™ื“ ืกื™ื™ื ื”, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื›ื“ื•ืจื™ ืื‘ืจืกืงืื ื™ื ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื”ื˜, ืžื˜ื‘ืขื•ืช ื–ื”ื‘ ืจื•ืžื™ื™ื.

ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœืืจื•ื—ืช ืขืจื‘, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืื ื•ื˜ืงื” I ื˜ืจื–ื™ (Via dei Termini 7, ืกื’ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ). ืขื ื–ืืช, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœืช ื”ื—ืœื˜ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืช; ืืช ื”ื›ืื‘ ื”ืžืœื•ื•ื” ืืช ื”ืฆืคื™ื™ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชืคืจื™ื˜ ื‘ Enoteca ืื ื™ Terzi ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืจื™ืฃ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ืืชื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ืฉืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืจืง ื™ืจื™ื™ื” ืื—ืช ื‘ื”ื–ืžื ื” ืžืชื•ืš ืจืฉื™ืžืช ืคืกื˜ื” ืžืฉืชื ื” ื‘ืชื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื•ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ื”ืจืืฉื™, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื—ื–ื™ืจ ื™ื ื™ืงื” ืขื ืฉื–ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ืจื•ื˜ื‘ ืชืคื•ื—ื™ื .

ื™ื•ื 2

ืœืื—ืจ ืกื™ื™ื ื” ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ืช ืื•ืจื™ื™ื ื˜ืฆื™ื” ื”ื•ืงืžื”, ื–ื” ื ืขื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื˜ืคืก ืขืœ 400 ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ืจื” ื“ืœ ืžื ื’ื™ื” ืœื“ืขื•ืช ืžื—ื–ืงืช ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื”ืžื’ื“ืœ, ืฉื ื‘ื ื” ืขืœ ืคื™ืืฆื” ื“ืœ ืงืืžืคื• ื‘ืฉื ืช 1344, ื”ื™ื” ืื– ืžืคืขืœ ื”ื ื“ืกื™ ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ ื•ืื—ื“ ื”ืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” (102 ืžื˜ืจ).

ืืจื•ื—ืช ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ื‘ L'Osteria ื ืขืฉื” ืขื 50% ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, 50% ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืชืคื•ืกื” 100%, ื›ืš ืžืืžืฅ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืงืจื•ื‘ ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื. ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ื•ื‘ืจืช ืขื ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื, ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืžืงื•ื ืฉื›ื•ื ืชื™, ื”ืžืฉืจืชื™ื ืžื ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื‘ื›ื•ืช ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืื ื˜ื™ืคืกื˜ื• ืžืœื•ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืจื“ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ืคืกื˜ื•.

ืงืชืจื™ืŸ ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืกื™ื™ื ื” (1347-1380) ื”ื™ื ืงื“ื•ืฉื” ื”ืคื˜ืจื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ืื—ื“ ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉื™ื ื”ืคื˜ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืื™ืจื•ืคื”. ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ืงืชืจื™ืŸ, ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื•ื–ืจ, ืื—ื“ ื”ืกื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆืคื•ื ื” ืคื—ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืกื™ื™ื ื”. ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฆืขื“ ืœืชื•ืš ื–ืขื™ืจื™ื ืงืื–ื” di ืกื ื˜ื” ืงื˜ืจื™ื ื” ืฉื‘ื• ืงืชืจื™ืŸ ื ื•ืœื“ ื—ื™ ืขื ื”ื•ืจื™ื” ืœื”, ื”ืื’ื“ื” ื™ืฉ โ€‹โ€‹ืืช ื–ื”, 23 ืื—ื™ื. ื”ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื”ื•ืกื‘ื• ืœืงืคืœื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžืื” ื” -15 ื•ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ืคืจืกืงื• ื”ืžืชืืจื™ื ืืช ื—ื™ื™ื”. ืกืžื•ืš ืœืงืคืœื” ื‘ืงื•ืžื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ื ื” ื ืžืฆื ื”ืชื ืฉืœ ืงืชืจื™ื ื”, ื›ืžืขื˜ ื—ืฉื•ืฃ.

ืœืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ืขืœ ืงืชืจื™ืŸ, ืคืฉื•ื˜ื• ื›ืžืฉืžืขื•, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื›ื ืกื™ื™ืช ืกืŸ ื“ื™ื™ื ื™ืงื• (Thiesa di San Domeico) ืžื”ืžืื” ื” -13, ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ ืžืกืคืจ ื“ืงื•ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื” ืขืœ ื›ื™ื›ืจ ืกืŸ ื“ื•ืžื ื™ืงื• (Piazza San Domenico). ื”ืื•ืœื ื”ืฉืชื ื” ื”ืจื‘ื”, ื”ืืกื, ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ืงืชืจื™ืŸ ืœืงื—ื” ืืช ื ื“ืจื™ื”, ื•ื›ื ืจืื”, ื‘ื™ืฆืขื” ื ื™ืกื™ื. ื”ืงืคืœื” ืžื›ื™ืœื” ื“ื™ื•ืงืŸ ืฉืฆื•ื™ื™ืจ ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื—ื™ื™ื”, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื›ื•ื‘ืข ื”ืจืืฉื™ ื”ื•ื ืจืืฉื” ื”ื›ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืกื ื˜ ืงืชืจื™ืŸ, ื”ืžื•ืฆื’ ื‘ืžืฉื›ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื” -15. ื‘ืกืžื•ืš ื”ื™ื ื”ืื’ื•ื“ืœ ื”ื™ื‘ืฉ ืฉืœื”. ืจื•ื‘ ื’ื•ืคื” ื ืฉืžืจ ื‘ืจื•ืžื.

ืงืœืื•ืกื˜ืจื•ืคื•ื‘ื™ื” ืื•ืœื™ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืชืจื—ืง ืจืžื•ืช ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ื”ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ ื‘ Antica Osteria ื“ื” Divo, ืืฉืจ ืฉื•ื›ื ื• ืงื‘ืจื™ื ืื˜ืจื•ืกืงื™ื™ื.ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžืคื•ืืจ ื”ื–ื” ืžืฆื™ืข ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืื›ืœื™ื ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ื™ื ื”ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืืช ื”ื‘ืฉืจ ื”ืžื’ื•ืœื’ืœ ื”ืžืžื•ืœื ืขื ื‘ื™ื™ืงื•ืŸ ื˜ื•ืกืงื ื™ ื•ื’ื‘ื™ื ืช ืคืงื•ืจื™ื ื• ื˜ืจื™ื™ื, ืจื•ื˜ื‘ ื›ืžื”ื™ืŸ ื•ืชืคื•ื—ื™ ืื“ืžื”. ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื•ืช.

ื’ืœื” ืืช ื”ืกื•ื“ - ื•ืœื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืกื•ื“ื™ - ื—ืชื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื ื• ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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