ื”ืคืืจืงื™ื ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื”

ื”ืคืืจืงื™ื ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื”

ืคืกื’ื•ืช ื’ืจื ื™ื˜ ื•ื™ืขืจื•ืช ื™ืขืจ, ืžืขื™ื™ื ื•ืช ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™ื™ื ื•ืขืจืคื™ืœื™ื ืžืชืขืจื‘ืœื™ื. ืžื’ื–ื™ืŸ ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜ ื‘ื•ื—ืจ ืืช ื”ืคืืจืงื™ื ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ื™ื ืขืœื™ื• ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื”.

ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื“ืจื˜ืžื•ืจ, ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”

ื“ืจื˜ืžื•ืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ ื‘ืจืืฉื™ืชื• - ื‘ืœื‘ ื”ืืคืœื” ืฉืžืชื—ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ืฉืœ ื”ืืจืฅ ื”ื™ืจื•ืงื” ื•ื”ื ืขื™ืžื”. ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ ืคืจืฉื™ื ื—ืกืจื™ ืจืืฉ, ืฉืขืงื‘ื• ืื—ืจ ืืชืจื™ ืงื‘ื•ืจื” ืขืชื™ืงื™ื, ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ืฉืขื™ืจื•ืช ืžื‘ืขื™ืชื•ืช, ืฉื”ื›ืจื™ื—ื• ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ืžื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื•ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื˜ืŸ ืขืฆืžื•, ื”ืขื ื™ืงื• ืœื“ืจื˜ืžื•ืจ ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืขืžื•ืก ืื‘ื“ื•ืŸ, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืžื•ืขื“ืคืช ืœืกื•ืคืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืกืจ ืืจืชื•ืจ ืงื•ื ืืŸ ื“ื•ื™ืœ ื•ืื’ืชื” ื›ืจื™ืกื˜ื™. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืืจืฅ ืฉืœ ืขืจืคื™ืœื™ื ืžืกืชื—ืจืจื™ื ื•ื’ืฉื, ื‘ื•ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ืžืžื•ืช, ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื’ืจื ื™ื˜ ื•ืžืขื’ืœื™ ืื‘ืŸ ืžืกืชื•ืจื™ื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืืช ื”ืคื’ืื ื™ ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืฉืœืš. ื”ืžื•ื ื•ืžื ื˜ื™ื ื”ืคืจื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœื” ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืื“ื ื‘ื’ื•ื‘ื” 3.5 ืžื˜ืจ ืœื™ื“ ื˜ื•ืจ ื”ืฉื˜ืŸ ื• -5,000 ืฆืจื™ืคื™ ืื‘ืŸ. ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ื”ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ืžื“ื•ืจื’ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื›ืžื” ืžื™ื˜ื‘ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”, ื›ืœ interbersed ืขื ืคืื‘ ื›ืคืจื™ ืžื“ื™ ืคืขื - ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ ืœืจื“ื•ืฃ ืื—ืจ ืžื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœื‘ื™ ืจืคืื™ื ืœื™ื“ ื”ืืฉ.

ืื’ืžื™ ืคืœื™ื˜ื‘ื™ืฆื”, ืงืจื•ืื˜ื™ื”

ื™ืฉ ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื–ื™ื”, ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืื—ืจืช ืœืคืœื™ื˜ื‘ื™ืฆื”. ืจืฉืช ื–ื• ืฉืœ 16 ืื’ืžื™ื ืขืžื•ืงื™ื, ื”ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื™ืขืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ ื”ืืœืคื™ื ื”ื“ื™ื ืจื™ื™ื, ื ื•ืฆืจื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกื›ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืœืข ื’ื™ืจ ื•ื“ื•ืœื•ืžื™ื˜. ืขื•ืฉืจื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ื ืจืœื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื, ืฉืžืงื•ืจื ื‘ื ื”ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื’'ืœื” ื•ืงืจื ื” ื•ืžืขื™ื™ื ื•ืช ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™ื™ื, ืžืขื ื™ืง ืœืื’ืžื™ื ืœื•ื— ืžืชืžื™ื“: ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื”ื ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืฆื‘ืข ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื– ืขืฉื™ืจ, ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืฆื‘ืข ื™ืจื•ืง, ืืคื•ืจ ืื• ื›ื—ื•ืœ. ื–ื” ืžืจืื” ืกื•ืจื™ืืœื™ืกื˜ื™, ืžืฉื•ืคืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืคืœื™ื ื”ืžืงื™ืคื™ื ืืช ื›ืœ ืื’ื ื•ืืช ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื™ื” ืคื•ืจื” ืขื˜ื•ืฃ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืกืœืขื™ื ื•ืืช ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื™ื. Plitvice ื”ื™ืชื” ื’ื ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืžื•ืฆื ืฉืœ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืขืฆืžืื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงืจื•ืื˜ื™ื” ืฉืœ 1990, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžื•ืจื“ื™ื ื”ืกืจื‘ื™ื ื”ืฉืชืœื˜ื• ืขืœ ืžื˜ื” ื”ืคืืจืง. ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื’ื ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ - ื”ืžืคืœื™ื ืงืคื•ืื™ื ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื” ื•ื”ืื’ืžื™ื ื”ืงืคื•ืื™ื ืœื•ื‘ืฉื™ื ืืช ื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืฉืžื™ื.

ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ Abruzzo, ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื”

ื‘ืงื•ืฉื™ ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื ืžืจื•ืžื, ืืœื” ืคืกื’ื•ืช ื’ืจื ื™ื˜ ื•ื™ืขืจื•ืช ืขืฆื™ ืืฉื•ืจ ืœืขืชื™ื ื ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ืขืœ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืœืจืื•ืช ืจืฉื™ืžื•ืช. ืื‘ืœ ื”ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื: ื–ื” ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ืขืœ ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื”, ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื”ืจ ื”ื•ื ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉื ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื“ื•ื‘ ื—ื•ื ื—ื•ื ืžืื“ื™ื ื‘ืกื›ื ืช ื”ื›ื—ื“ื”, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืœื™ื ืงืก ืคืจืื™, ื–ืื‘ื™ื ืืคื ื™ืŸ ื•ื ืฉืจื™ื ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™. ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž 150 tratturi (ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื) ื”ืจื•ื— ื“ืจืš ื”ืขืžืงื™ื ื•ืืช ื›ืจื™ ื“ืฉื ืžืœืื•ืช ืœืฉื›ื•ื— ืื•ืชื™, ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืœืœื ื”ืคืจื“ ืฉื‘ื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืคื™ื–ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ื”ืจ. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืืจืฅ ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืœืœื ืชื—ืจื•ืช, ืขื ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืฆื™ืข ื ื•ืคื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื. ื”ืขื™ื™ืจื” ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช ื”ื™ื ืคืกืงืืกืจื•ืœื™, ืขืจื‘ื•ื‘ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉื›ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ ืื‘ืŸ ื•ืจื•ื“ื™ื, ื”ืฉื•ื›ื ื™ื ื‘ืขืžืง, ืžื•ืงืคืช ืคืกื’ื•ืช ืœื‘ื ื•ืช.

Cíes, ืื™ื™ื, ืœืื•ืžื™, ื—ื ื”, ืกืคืจื“

ืžืชื ื“ื ื“ืช ืขืœ ืฉืคืช ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ื’ืœื™ืฆื™ื”, ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ื™ื” ื”ื–ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื” ืœื ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืื™ืจื•ืคื” ืœื—ื•ืคื™ื ื”ื ืคืœืื™ื ื•ืœืกืคื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื”ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื - ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืžื›ื ื™ื ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ืจื•ื“ืืก 'ื’ืœื™ืฆื™ื”'. ืคืขื ื”ืจื“ื•ืฃ ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืคื™ืจืื˜ื™ื, ื”ื•ื ืžืชื‘ืฆืข ื›ื™ื•ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื˜ืจื™ืคืจืก ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ืืฉืจ ืœื•ืงื—ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืกืข 40 ื“ืงื•ืช ืžืขื‘ื•ืจืช ืž Baiona. ื”ืืจื›ื™ืคืœื’ ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื›ื™ืก ืžืขืจื‘ื‘ ืืช ื—ื•ืคื™ ื”ืœืกืช ืืœ ื”ื’ื’ ื•ื”ืœื’ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื™ื ืฉืœื” ืขื ืžืฆื•ืงื™ ืกืœืข ืžื—ื•ืกืคืกื™ื ื•ืชืฆืคื™ื•ืช ืกืœืขื™ื•ืช, ื•ืžื•ืจื’ืœ ืขืœ โ€‹โ€‹ื™ื“ื™ ืžืื•ืช ืฉื—ืคื™ื ืฆื”ื•ื‘ื™ื. ื›ืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉืช ื”ืื™ื™ื - ืื™ืœื” ื“ื” ืžื•ื ื˜ื’ื•ื“ื•, ืื™ืœื” ื“ื• ืคืืจื• ื•ืืช ื“ืจื•ื ืื™ืœื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืกืŸ ืžืจื˜ื™ื ื™ื• - ื”ื ืชื ื•ืขื” ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ืช, ื”ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช "ืงืฆื” ื”ืขื•ืœื" ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ. ื™ื—ื“ ื”ื ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืฉื•ื‘ืจ ื’ืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื•ื™ื’ื• ืžืŸ ื”ื–ืขื ืฉืœ ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™. ื”ืื™ื™ื ื ื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืžืืคืจื™ืœ ืขื“ ืชื—ื™ืœืช ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ, ืขื ืœื™ื ื” ื–ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ ืงืžืคื™ื ื’ Illas Cíes.

Lauterbrunnen, ืขืžืง, ืœืื•ืžื™, ื—ื ื”, ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฅ

ื™ืฉ ืงืฆืช ืชื—ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ื›ื•ืชืจืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื›ื™ ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื‘ื”ืจื™ ื”ืืœืคื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื—ืจื•ืช ื™ื•ืคื™ Lauterbrunnen Valley ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœืฆืืช ืœื™ื“ ื”ื“ืฃ. ื–ื” ื™ืคื” ืœื”ืคืœื™ื, ื”ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžื’ื•ืœืคื™ื ื‘ืฉืœื’ ื”ืžืชื ืฉืื™ื ืขืœ ืฉื“ื•ืช ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ืžื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื, ืžื ื•ืงื“ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืจื ื™ื ื•ื‘ืงืชื•ืช ืงื•ื˜ื’ 'ื–ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ืœ. ื› -72 ืžืคืœื™ื ื™ื•ืจื“ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ื”ืืœื”, ื”ืžืจืฉื™ืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื ืžืคืœื™ ืกื˜ืื•ื‘ืืš. ื›ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ืฉืœื”, ื’ืชื” ืœื•ืจื“ ื‘ื™ื™ืจื•ืŸ ื”ื•ืขื‘ืจื• ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืขื˜ ืขืœ ื”ืฆื’ืช ืžื™ื ืžื“ื•ืจื’ื™ื ืฉืœื”. Trummelbach ืคื•ืœืก, ื‘ื™ื ืชื™ื™ื, ื”ื™ื ืžืกื” ืฉืœ ืคืงืง ืฉืœ 10 ืžืคืœื™ื ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืืฉืจ ืžืžื”ืจื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ื”ืจ. ื–ื”ื• ื”ืžืคืœ ื”ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื” ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœื™ื• ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืจ, ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืืฃ ืžืชื‘ื•ื ื ื™ื ื‘ื• ืื‘ื ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืจืš ืฉืœ ืขื“ 20,000 ืœื™ื˜ืจ ืžื™ื. Lauterbrunnen ื”ืขื™ืจ ืขืฆืžื” ืืจื•ื– ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืขื ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื•ืžื˜ืคืกื™ื, ื•ื”ื•ื ื‘ืกื™ืก ื˜ื•ื‘ ืฉืžืžื ื• ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจ.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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