10 ืขืจื™ื ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืฉืจืื” ืืžื ื•ืชื™ืช

10 ืขืจื™ื ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืฉืจืื” ืืžื ื•ืชื™ืช

ืฉืœ ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช 2011 ืžื‘ื™ื ืœืš ืืช ื”ืขืจื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ื›ื™ืฉืจื•ืŸ ื”ืืžื ื•ืชื™ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ื™ื” ื”ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื ื™ืจื• - ื•ื”ื•ืชื™ืจื• ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืฉืจืื” ืฉืœื”ื ืžืื—ื•ืจ.

1. ืื“ื™ื ื‘ื•ืจื•

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ LunaMoth116

ื”ืชืคื•ืงื” ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ืกืงื•ื˜ืœื ื“ ื”ื™ื ืคื ื•ืžื ืœื™ืช ื•ืจื•ื‘ ืกื•ืคืจื™ื” ื”ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื ื”ื•ืฉืคืขื• ืžื”ื‘ื™ืจื”. ืจื•ื‘ืจื˜ ืœื•ืื™ืก ืกื˜ื™ื‘ื ืกื•ืŸ, ืจื•ื‘ืจื˜ ืœื•ืื™ืก, ื”ืชืœื”ื‘ ืฉืื“ื™ื ื‘ื•ืจื• ื”ื™ื "ืžื” ืฉืคืืจื™ืก ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช". ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœ"ืจื•ื™ืืœ ืžื™ื™ืœ ", ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ืžืฆื™ื’ ืฆื“ ืื™ืฉื™ ืœื—ื™ื™ื”ื ืฉืœ ืžื—ื‘ืจื™ ืกืงื•ื˜ืœื ื“: ื‘ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื ืžื ื™ื ืฉื•ืœื—ืŸ ื”ื›ืชื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ืจื•ื‘ืจื˜ ื‘ืจื ืก. ืกื•ืคืจื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื™ื• ืืฆื‘ืขื•ืช ื‘ืงืขืจื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ืžืœื‘ื“ ื”ื“ื™ื• ืขื ื–ืืช: ืกืจ ื•ื•ืœื˜ืจ ืกืงื•ื˜ ืืคื™ืœื• ืขื–ืจ ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ืชื›ืฉื™ื˜ื™ ื”ื›ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืื“ื™ื ื‘ื•ืจื•. ื”ืืžืŸ ื”ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™ ื”ืืจื™ ืจื™ื™ื‘ื•ืจืŸ ื”ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืŸ ื‘ืœื•ื ื“ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืŸ ื‘ืจื•ืžื: ืฉืœื• ื”ื›ื•ืžืจ ืจื•ื‘ืจื˜ ื•ื•ืงืจ ื”ื—ืœืงื” ืขืœ ื“ื•ื“ื™ื ื’ื˜ื•ืŸ ืœื•ืง ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืื™ืงื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืกืงื•ื˜ืœื ื“. ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื”, ื’'ื™ื™ ืงื™ื™ ืจื•ืœื™ื ื’
ื‘ื™ืœื” ื‘ื‘ืชื™-ืงืคื” ื›ืžื• ื‘ื™ืช-ืคื™ืœื™ื, ืžื’ื™ื™ืกืช ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืงื•ืกื-ื™ืœื“ ืžืกื•ื™ื.

ืฆื ื™ื—ื” ืœืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžื•ื–ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื•ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฉืจืืชื• ืฉืœ ืืจืชื•ืจ ืงื•ื ืืŸ ื“ื•ื™ืœ ืœืฉืืจืœื•ืง ื”ื•ืœืžืก, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื•ื–ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืจืคื•ืื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช.

2. ืกื ื˜ ืคื˜ืจืกื‘ื•ืจื’

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ archer10 (ื“ื ื™ืก)

ืื ืฉืžื•ืช ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื ืฉืžืข ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืกื ื˜ ืคื˜ืจืกื‘ื•ืจื’, ื–ื” ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืฉื”ื ืชื›ื•ื ื” ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื‘ืจื•ืžื ื™ื ื”ืจื•ืกื™ืช. ื’ื•ื’ื•ืœ, ื“ื•ืกื˜ื•ื™ื™ื‘ืกืงื™ ื•ื˜ื•ืจื’ื ื™ื™ื‘ ื›ื•ืœื ื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจื• ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื”ืจืืฉื™ ืฉืœ ื ื•ื‘ืกืงื™ ืคืจื•ืกืคืงื˜, ื•ืœื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื™ื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืœื‘ ืœื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื. ื™ืฉ ื›ืืŸ ืขื•ื“ ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ื™ื ืžื›ืคื™ ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ืขืจ ื›ื“ื•ืจ, ื‘ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ืคื•ืฉืงื™ืŸ (ืฉื›ืชื™ื‘ืชื• ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื” ืขื ื”ืฉื˜ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ืกื ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขืฉื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืกื ื˜ ืคื˜ืจื‘ื•ืจื’) ื“ืจืš ื”ื—ืคื™ืจื•ืช
ืฉืœ ื“ื•ืกื˜ื•ื™ื™ื‘ืกืงื™ (ืฉื”ืจื•ืžืŸ ืฉืœื• ืคืฉืข ื•ืขื•ื ืฉ ืžืชืžืงื“ืช ื‘ื—ืจื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ). ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ืชื”ืœืš ื‘ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ืช ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื ื‘ื•ืงื•ื‘, ืžืงื•ื ื”ื•ืœื“ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ื•ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ืžืกืคืจื™ื•.

3. ื‘ื•ืื ื•ืก ืื™ื™ืจืก

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืคืื‘ืœื•ื“ื”

ืงืœ ืœื”ื™ืชืงืœ ื‘ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ืช ื”ืžืชืจื•ืฆืฆืช ืฉืœ BA: ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืฉื•ื ืฉื–ื” ื–ื•ืœ ื›ืœ ื›ืš, ืขื“ ื›ื“ื™ ื›ืš, ืฉื‘ืชื™ ื”ืงืคื” ื”ืืœื’ื ื˜ื™ื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ืชืœื•ื™ื™ื ืžื™ื˜ื‘ ื”ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืจ (ื•ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืชืœื•ื™ื™ื). ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืงืคื” ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ื˜ืœืžื• ื•ืคืœืจืžื• ื”ื™ื ื ืื™ื“ื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืกืคืจืกื•-ืœื’ื™ืžื” ืขื ื”ืงื”ืœ ื”ืื•ืžื ื•ืชื™ ื”ื™ื•ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉืžืจื›ื– ื”ืงืคื” ื˜ื•ืจื˜ื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ื”ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ืื™ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื—ื•ืจื—ื” ืœื•ืื™ืก ื‘ื•ืจื—ืก. ื‘ื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืจื—ืก ื˜ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ืจืงื•ืœื˜ื”; ื”ื‘ื“ื™ื•ื ื™ ืฉืœื• El Aleph, ื”ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื”ืžืงื™ืคื” ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ืงื•ื, ืžืžื•ืงืžืช ื›ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืขืœ ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื—ื•ืืŸ ื“ื”-ื’ืจืื™ ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ื˜ืืœืžื•, ืžืกื™ื™ื ืืช ื”ืกื™ื•ืจ ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ ื‘ื’ืŸ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืคืืœืจืžื•, ืžืชืคื•ืฆืฅ ื‘ื—ื‘ื•ืจื•ืช ืกื•ืคื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืจื—ืก ืœื“ื ื˜ื”.

ืคื ืงื• ืืช ืขืฆืžื›ื ืืœ ืžืœื•ืŸ ืกืŸ ื˜ืืœืžื• (Mans of Tangothemed Mansion) ืฉืœ ืžืœื•ืŸ ื“ื ื“ื™ ืจื•ื™ืืœ, ื•ืœืžื“ื• ืืช ื”ืžื—ื•ืœ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ื‘ืืงื“ืžื™ื” ืฉืœ ื˜ื ื’ื•.

4. Valparaíso

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื™ ื”ืงื•ืฉืจ (ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™)

ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ื”ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ ืคืื‘ืœื• ื ืจื•ื“ื” ืขืฉื” ื›ื›ืœ ื”ื ืจืื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื›ืœ ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ืื—ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžืจ ืืช ืืจืฆื• ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ื•ื•ืœืคืจืืกื•, ื‘ื™ืชื• ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื ื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช, ืขื•ืจืจ ื‘ื• ื”ืฉืจืื” ืœืฉืคืข. ื”ื•ื ืืคื™ืœื• ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉ ืฉื™ืจ ืœื‘ื™ืชื• ืœื” ืกื‘ืกื˜ื™ืื ื”, ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืœื—ื™ื™ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ. Valparaíso ื”ื•ื stunner ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ืช ื•ืื—ืจื™ื ื’ื ื”ื•ืขื‘ืจื• ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกืžื˜ืื•ืช ืžืชืคืชืœื•ืช ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ ืฉืœื”. ื”ืกื•ืคืจืช ืื™ื–ื‘ืœ ืืœื ื“ื” ื™ืฉ โ€‹โ€‹ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ื‘ื“ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ืืŸ ืงืจื™ืงื˜ื•ืจื™ืกื˜ Renzo Pecchenino (aka ืœื•ืงืืก) ืื”ื‘ ืืช ื”ืขื™ืจ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืœื™ืฅ โ€‹โ€‹ื›ืœ ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ืฉืืคืชืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืฉื. Valparaíso ื™ืฉ ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืฉ ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืชื™ื•.

ืžืœื•ืŸ ื’ืจืืŸ ื’ืจื‘ืกื•ื ื™ ื”ื•ื ื ืกื™ื’ื” ืืœ ื•ืืœืคืจืื™ืกื• ืฉืœ ื ืจื•ื“ื”: ืžืœื ืจื™ื”ื•ื˜ ืขืชื™ืง ื•ืžื•ืฉืงืข ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ.

5. ืžื•ืžื‘ืื™

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืžืืจืง ื‘ืจื•ื”ื“

ื‘ื”ื™ื•ืชื” ืขื™ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืœื™ื•ื•ื“ ืœื ื—ืจื’ื” ืกืฆื™ื ื” ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช ื”ืžื‘ืขื™ืชื” ืฉืœ ืžื•ืžื‘ืื™ ืžืžืกื•ืจื•ืชื™ื” ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ื•ืช ื”ื—ื–ืงื•ืช ื•ืžืžื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ื™ืฉื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืคืจืฉืช ื”ืื”ื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืขื ื”ืกืคืจื•ืช ื—ื•ื–ืจืช ืœืคืจืงื™ื: ื‘ืฉื ืช 1804 ื”ืงื™ื ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืกืงื•ื˜ื™ ื’'ื™ื™ืžืก ืžืงื™ื ื˜ื•ืฉ ืืช ื”ืื’ื•ื“ื” ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืžื‘ื™ื™, ื”ื ืžืฆืืช ื›ื™ื•ื ื‘ืื•ืœื ื”ืขื™ืจื™ื™ื” ื”ื ื™ืื•-ืงืœืืกื™. ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ืฉื’ื“ืœื• ื›ืืŸ ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืืช ืกืœืžืืŸ ืจื•ืฉื“ื™: ืฉืœื• ื™ืœื“ื™ ื—ืฆื•ืช ืžื•ื’ื“ืจ ื‘ื—ืœืงื• ื‘ืžื•ืžื‘ืื™. ืžืื– ื”ืขืฆืžืื•ืช, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื˜ื™ืคื—ื” ืืช ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื“ื•: ื”ืชืขื ื’ื• ืขืœ ื’ืœืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืจื˜ ื•ื”ืจื•ื‘ืข ื”ืžื—ื•ื–ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื—ื•ื– ืงื•ืœื‘ื”, ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ืืžื ื™ื ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”.

ื’ืœืจื™ื” Chemould ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ืœืจืื•ื•ื” ื›ื™ืฉืจื•ืŸ ืขื›ืฉื•ื•ื™ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื”ืžืชืงื“ืžืช ืœืืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช, ืืฉืจ ืขื™ืฆื‘ ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ื”ื–ื”ื•ืช ื”ืืžื ื•ืชื™ืช ื”ื”ื•ื“ื™ืช.

6. ื”ื•ื•ืื ื”

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื’'ื•ืŸ ืงืจืœ

ื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ื–ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื’'ืื– ื”ื–ื”, ื‘ื™ืจืชื” ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื” ื”ื™ืชื” ืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืืžื ื•ืชื™ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื”. ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ื”ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ืืจื ืกื˜ ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ ื‘ื™ืœื” ื—ืœืง ื ื™ื›ืจ ืžื—ื™ื™ื• ื”ืžืื•ื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื ื”. ื‘ื™ืชื• ื”ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืืŸ ื”ื•ื ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ - ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืงื™ ื”ื’'ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœื”ื›ื ืช ื”ืงื•ืงื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืฉืœื• ืžื•ืฆื’ื™ื. ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ืฉืชื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ืืœ ืœื” ื‘ื•ื“ื’'ื™ื˜ื” ื“ืœ ืžื“ื™ื•, ื”ื‘ืจ ืฉื‘ื• ืื”ื‘ ื”ืžื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื™ ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ืฉืœื• ืžื•ื—ื™ื˜ื•. ื’ืจื”ื ื’ืจื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืงืจ ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื ื” ืœืคื ื™ ื•ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื”ืฉืชืœื˜ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงืกื˜ืจื• - ืžื•ืชื—ืŸ ื”ืจื™ื’ื•ืœ ืฉืœื• ื”ืื™ืฉ ืฉืœื ื• ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื ื” ื”ื•ื ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ื‘ื—ืœืงื• ืขืœ ื—ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉื.

ื‘ื“ืงื• ืืช ืžืœื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื•ืื ื” ื”ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™ ืฉืœ ื’ืจื”ื ื’ืจื™ืŸ, ืžืœื•ืŸ ืื™ื ื’ืœื˜ืจื” ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ืฅ ื‘ืŸ ื” -130.

7. ืœื•ื ื“ื•ืŸ

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ bridgetmckenz

ืืคืฉืจ ื”ื™ื” ืœืœื•ื•ืช ืžืกืข ืœืจื’ืœ ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ ืืจื•ืš ื•ืืจื•ืš ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืœืœื•ื ื“ื•ืŸ, ืขื™ืจ ืฉื”ื•ื ืฆื—ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ืžืฆ'ืจืœืก ื“ื™ืงื ืก ืœื’'ื•ืŸ ื‘ื˜ื’'ืžืŸ.ื‘ื‘ืœื•ืžืกื‘ืจื™, ื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืฆ'ืจืœืก ื“ื™ืงื ืก ื‘ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ื‘ืจ; ืงื‘ื•ืฆืช ื‘ืœื•ืžืกื‘ืจื™, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื•ื™ืจื’'ื™ื ื™ื” ื•ื•ืœืฃ, ื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจื” ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื—ื•ื–. ื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ืžืจื™ืœื‘ื•ืŸ ืœืžื›ื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื‘ื“ื™ื—ื” ื‘ื“ื™ื•ื ื™ืช. ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืฉืจืœื•ืง ื”ื•ืœืžืก ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื™ืงืจ 221B, ืขื ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืœืกื ื•ื˜ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจื‘ืช ืžืงื•ื; ื‘ืžืขืœื” ืจื™ื’'ื ื˜ืก ืคืืจืง, ื•ื™ืœืงื™ ืงื•ืœื™ื ืก ืงื™ื‘ืœ ื”ืฉืจืื” ืœื›ืชื•ื‘ ื”ืื™ืฉื” ื‘ืœื‘ืŸ / ืื—ืจื™ ืฉืจืื™ืชื™ ื’ื‘ืจืช ืฆื•ืขืงืช ืžืžืจืคืกืช. ืฉืชื• ื›ืžื• ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื‘ืคืื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื ื”ืจ ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ืฉืœ ืœื•ื ื“ื•ืŸ: ื•ื™ืกืœืจ ื•ื˜ืจื ืจ ื”ืชื ื›ืœื• ืœืกื™ืคื•ืจื• ืฉืœ ื•ื•ื™ืคื‘ื™ ืขืœ ื•ื™ื˜ื‘ื™, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื“ื™ืงื ืก ืฉืจ ืœืืจื•ื—ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ ืฉืœื• ื‘"ืขื ื‘ื™ื".

ื”ืคืขืœ ืืช ื”ืกืคืจื” ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ืช ืฉืœืš ืœื–ื—ื•ืœ ืœืขื‘ืจ ืคืจื•ืกืคืงื˜ ืฉืœ ื•ื™ื˜ื‘ื™ (57 Wapping ืงื™ืจ); ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ื‘ืžื•ืจื“ ื”ื ื”ืจ ืืœ ื”ืขื ื‘ื™ื (ืจื—ื•ื‘ 76 ืฆืจ).

8. ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื•

ืชืžื•ื ื” ื‘ื“ื™ื™ื“ืจ โ„ข

ื›ืœ ืกื•ื‘ืœื ื•ืช ืžื›ื•ื‘ื“ืช ื‘ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื‘ืขื•ื˜ ื‘ืกืคืจื™ ืื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื‘ื‘ืขืœื•ืชื• ืฉืœ Beatnik ืœื•ืจื ืก Ferlinghetti, ืขื™ืจ ืื•ืจื•ืช ืคืจืกื ืืœืŸ ื’ื™ื ืกื‘ืจื’ ืฉืœ ืจื“ื™ืงืœื™ ืื– ื™ึฐืœึธืœึธื” ืฉื™ืจ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1956. ื”ืงืจื™ืื” ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžืช ืฉืœ ืฉืฉืช ื”ืกืคืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื”ืคื›ื” ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืื™ืจื•ืข ืฉื”ื‘ื™ื ืืช ื“ื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ ืœืชื•ื“ืขื” ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช. ืงืŸ ืงืกื™ ื”ื™ื” ืื– ืฆืขื™ืจ ืžื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœื‘ื™ื˜ื ื™ืง ืžื•ื‘ื”ืง, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืžืฉืžืจื•ืช-ืœื™ืœื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช-ื”ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื”ื•ื•ืชื™ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื ืœื• ืคืืจืง ื”ื•ื ื’ื™ื™ืก ื”ืฉืจืื” ืœืขื˜ ืงืŸ ื”ืงื•ืงื™ื”. ืจืื•ื™, ื‘ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ื”ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืกืกื’ื•ื ื™ ืฉืœื”, ืกืŸ ืคืจื ืกื™ืกืงื• ื’ื ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ืืžื ื•ืช ืจื—ื•ื‘ - ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ืžื™ืฉืŸ ื”ืžื—ื•ื–ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืžื” ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ืงื™ืจ ืžืจื’ืฉ.

ืื•ืœื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ืฆืฆื” ืฉืœ Ferlinghetti ืขืฆืžื• ืชื•ืš ื”ื’ืœื™ืฉื” ืกืคืจื™ื ืื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืจ.

9. ืคืจืื’

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืžืืช ื ื™ืงื• ืคืื™

ื›ืคื™ ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœืฆืคื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉื”ื ืฉื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœื” ื”ื™ื” ืžื—ื–ืื™ ื™ื“ื•ืข, ื”ื‘ื™ืจื” ื”ืฆ'ื›ื™ืช ื”ื™ื ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื—ืžื” ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ืช. ืคืจื ืฅ ืงืคืงื ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ื™ืฆื•ืื ื™ื ื”ืžืฉืคื™ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืคืจืื’: ืœื ื ืจืื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืงืคืงื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ืขื ื”ืขื™ืจ. ื—ื•ืฅ ืžื–ื”, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžื™ืœืืŸ ืงื•ื ื“ืจื”, ืฉื›ื•ืชื‘ืช ืขืœ ื”ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืงื” ื•ื”ืื”ื‘ื” ื‘ืคืจืื’ ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -60 ื•ื” -70. ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ smooching ืขื ื”ื›ื™ืฉืจื•ืŸ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื•ื? ื ืกื” Tynska ื”ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ืช ืงืคื” - ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ืขื ืกื•ืคืจื™ื ืฆ'ื›ื™ื™ื ืœืงื“ื ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”.

ืงื— ืืช ื”ืฉืคืœ ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ื• ืฉืœ ืงืคืงื ื•ื–ืžื ื™ื ื‘ืคืจืื’ ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืงืคืงื.

10. ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ scorbette37

"ืชื—ืชื™ืช ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ" ืงื•ืจื ืœื’'ืง ืงืจื•ืืง ืžืžืงืกื™ืงื• ืกื™ื˜ื™ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื•ืขืœ ื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ beatniks, ื”ืžื˜ืจื•ืคื•ืœื™ืŸ ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ ืฉืœ ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื”ื™ื” ื”ื”ืฉืจืื” ื”ืื•ืœื˜ื™ืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช. ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื ื™ืงื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืคื” ืคืขืžื™ื ืงืฉื•ืช. ืœื ืคื—ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ืจ "Zona Rosa" ืฉื‘ื• ื•ื™ืœื™ืื S Burroughs ื™ืจื• ื‘ื˜ืขื•ืช ืืฉืชื• ื•ื™ืœื™ืื ืชื’ื™ื“ ืกื•ื’ ืคืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืขื ื›ื•ืก ืฉืžืคื ื™ื”. ื”ืืžื ื™ื ื“ื™ื™ื’ื• ืจื™ื•ื•ืจื” ื•ืคืจื™ื“ื” ืงืืœื• ื”ืชื’ื•ืจืจื• ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืจื” ื•ื™ืฆืจื• ืžืฆื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื•ืช: ื”ืชื—ื™ืœื• ื‘ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ ื”ืงื™ืจ ื”ืžืฉื•ื‘ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ "ืจื™ื•ื•ืจื”" ื‘ืื•ืœื ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืืŸ ืื™ืœื“ืคื•ื ืกื•, ื‘ื™ืช ืงื•ื™ื•ืืงืืŸ ืฉืœ ืงืืœื•, ืื• ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืœืืžื ื•ืช ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช, ืขื ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื ื™ื”ื.

ืฆื“ ืขื ืฉื™ืง ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ Zona Rosa ืฉืœ ื‘ืจ Milán (Calle Milán 18).

ืงื‘ืœ ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื•ื•ื™ ืฉืœ ืฉื ื” ืฉืœืžื” ื‘ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช 2011

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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