Galápagos ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ืชืฆืคื™ืช: ืœืžื” ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืœื›ืช ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžื™ื

Galápagos ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ ืชืฆืคื™ืช: ืœืžื” ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืœื›ืช ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžื™ื

ื”ืืจื›ื™ืคืœื’ ื”ืคืกื™ืคื™ ื”ื–ื”, ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ 1000 ืง"ืž ืžื”ื™ื‘ืฉืช ื”ืืงื•ื•ื“ื•ืจื™ืช, ื ืงืจื ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื: ื”ืื‘ื•ืœื•ืฆื™ื” ื‘ืคืขื•ืœื”, ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื—ื™, 'ืขื•ืœื ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืš ืขืฆืžื•'. ื•ื›ื•ืœื ืืžืช.

ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ - ื”ืฆื‘ื™ื ื”ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ื”ื ืขื™ื ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ื”ืจื™ื, ื”ืงื•ื‘ื™ื™ื” ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœื” ื”ืงื•ืžื™ืช, ื”ืื™ื’ื•ืื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื‘ืฉื•ืช ื”ืžืฆื”ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืงืงื˜ื•ืกื™ื.

ืื‘ืœ, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื˜ืขื•ืŸ, ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืชืช ื™ืžื™ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ื•ื•ืœืงื ื™ื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืžืฆื™ืข ืืคื™ืœื• ืžื‘ื—ืจ ืขืฉื™ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืฆื•ืคื™ื ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ.

ืืคืจ ืขื ืืจื™ื•ืช ื™ื

ืืจื™ื•ืช ื™ื ืคื•ืจื—ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืืจื›ื™ืคืœื’: ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื ืฆื•ื ื—ื™ื ื•ืžืฉืชืœืฉืœื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืœื ืื•ืคื™ื™ื ื™ืช; ืœืจืื•ืช ืื•ืชื ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžื™ื ื•ื”ื ื’ืžื™ืฉื™ื, ื–ืจื™ื– - ื•ืžืฉืขืฉืข ืœืœื ื”ืจืฃ.

ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืฆืœื•ืœ - ืฉื ื•ืจืงืœ ืœื™ื“ ืืจื™ื” ื”ื™ื, ืกืœืข ืžื•ืขื“ืฃ ืื• ื—ื•ืฃ ื•ืœืชืช ืืช ื”ื›ื™ืฃ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ. ื–ื” ืœื ื ื“ื™ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืฉืคื—ื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื›ื“ื™ zip ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืš, ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœืกื’ื•ืจ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืœืคื ื™ darting ื‘ืจื’ืข ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ. ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื’ืจื™ื” ืขืœ ื”ืกื ืคื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœืš.

ื”ืขืจื•ืฅ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื•ื“ืจื•ื ืคืœืื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื•ืกืงืจื ื™ืช, ื•ืื™ืœื• ืขืœ ื”ืื™ ื”ื–ืขื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืžื•ืกืงื•ืจื”, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืกื™ืžื•ืจ ืœื‘ืœื˜ืจื”, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฉื ืจืงืœ ื‘ืชื•ืš ืงืจืฉ ืืจื™ื” ื™ื, ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ืœื ืžื ื•ืกื™ื ืžืชื’ืœื’ืœื™ื ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘.

ืฉื ื•ืจืงืœ ืขื ื“ื™ื ื•ื–ืื•ืจื™ื

ื”ืื™ื’ื•ืื ื” ื”ื™ืžื™ืช, ืื ื“ืžื™ืช ืœื’ืืœืืคืื’ื•ืก, ื”ื™ื ื”ืœื˜ืื” ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื. ื–ื” ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืŸ ืชืฉืขื” ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉื ื”, ื•ื ืจืื” ื›ืžื• ืชื•ืกืคืช ืฉืœ ืคืืจืง ื”ื™ื•ืจื” - ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ืฉื—ื™ื™ื” ืขื ืื—ื“ ืžื•ื–ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื ืœื ืžืกื™ื‘ื™ - ื’ื“ืœ ืขื“ 1m ืืจื•ืš - ื–ื” ืงืฆืช ืžืจื’ื™ื– ืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ื”ืžื™ื ืขื ื“ืจืงื•ืŸ ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืงืฉืงืฉื™ ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืœื•ืขืก ืขืœ ืืฆื•ืช ืชืช ืชืช ืืงื•ื•ื”. ืคืจืกื˜ื™ื ื“ื” ืคืจื ื ื“ื™ื ื”, ื”ืžืขืจื‘ ื‘ืื™ื™ื ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืจื›ื™ืคืœื’, ื”ื™ื ืžืงื•ื ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืœื˜ืื•ืช ื‘ืžื™ื ื”ืจื“ื•ื“ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืฆืคื• ื‘ื”ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืจืคืง ืขืœ ื”ืกืœืขื™ื, ืฉื ื”ื ืžื˜ื™ืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื™ ืžืœื— ืžืชื•ืš ื ื—ื™ืจื™ื”ื.

ืœืฆืœื•ืœ ืขื ืคื˜ื™ืฉ

ื–ื›ื•ืจ: ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ ืคื˜ื™ืฉ ื™ืฉ ืจืืฉื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืื‘ืœ ืคื™ื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉืื•ืœื™ ืจืง ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ื›ืืฉืจ ืฆืฃ ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ื•ืœืช ืฉืœ 300 ืขื“ 400 ืฉืœ ื“ื’ื™ื - ืœื ื ื“ื™ืจ ื‘ืžื™ืžื™ Galápagos.

ื’ื•ืจื“ื•ืŸ ืกืœืขื™ื, ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืœืื™ื™ ืคืœื–ืืก, ื”ื ืฉืจื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืจ ื’ืขืฉ ื ื›ื—ื“. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ื ื•ืคืœืช ื—ื•ืžืช ื”ืงืืœื“ืจื” ืืœ ื”ืชื”ื•ื, ืžืชืืกืคื™ื ื‘ืชื™-ืกืคืจ ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืคื˜ื™ืฉื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืงืจื ื™ ื ืฉืจื™ื, ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ื ื•ืฆื‘ื™-ืœื‘ื ื™ื, ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื–ืจื ื”ืžืกืชื—ืจืจ.

ืืชืจื™ hammerhead ื”ืื•ืœื˜ื™ืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืžืฅ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข. ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ื™ื ื”ืจื—ื•ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ื•ื•ืœืฃ ื•ื“ืืจื•ื•ื™ืŸ ื”ื ืžืคืจืฉ ืืจื•ืš, ืื‘ืœ ื›ืืŸ ื”ื›ืจื™ืฉื™ื ืžืชื’ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื‘ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื”ื, ืฉื ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืฉืชืจืื• ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ื’ืœื™ ื‘ืจืงื•ื“ื” ื•ืฉืงืขื™ื, ื•ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ื ื›ืจื™ืฉ ื”ืœื•ื•ื™ื™ืชืŸ ื”ืขื ืงื™ ืžืจื—ืฃ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช.

ืœืฉื—ืง ืขื ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื

ืคื ื’ื•ื•ื™ืŸ ื’ืœืคื’ื•ืก ื”ื•ื ื”ืžื™ื ื™ื ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจ ื—ืกืจืช ื”ื˜ื™ืกื”. ื”ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ืงื˜ื ื” - ืจืง ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช 1500 - ืื‘ืœ, ืขื ื”ืžื–ืœ, ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืื•ืชื ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืจื“ื•ื“ื™ื.

ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื ืกื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ Bartolomé ืื™ื™ืœื ื“. ืžื™ืœื™ื•ื ื™ ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื—ื–ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืœืžื” ื›ืกื•ืคื” ืžื•ืฉื›ื™ื ื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื ืจืขื‘ื™ื: ืฆืคื•ื™ื™ื ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื ื•ืืจื™ื•ืช ื™ื ืœื”ืชืคืจืฅ ื“ืจืš ื”ื“ื’ื™ื’ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืœืกืจื•ืง ืืช ื”ืกืœืขื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœืžื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืจื™ื ืฆืœื•ืคื—ื™ื ืžื•ืจื™ื™ ื’ื“ื•ืœ. ืขืœ ื”ืื™ ืื™ื–ื‘ืœื”, ื”ืžื™ื ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืคื•ื ื˜ื” ื•ื™ืกื ื˜ื” ืจื•ืงื” ื”ื ื’ื ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืขืžื•ืง ืงื•ืจืžื•ืจื ื˜ ืฆืœื™ืœื” - ืขื•ื“ ื’ืœืืคื’ื•ืก ืื ื“ืžื™ืช.

ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ืจ!

ืื™ืคื” ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ? ื”ืžื™ื ืžืœืื™ื ืœื”ืชืคื•ืฆืฅ. ืงืจื ื™ ืžืื ื˜ื”, ื‘ื—ื•ืœื™ื•ืช ืžืขื•ืคืคื•ืช ืžืืกื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ืžื•ืกืงื•ืจื” ื•ืืช ืกื™ืžื•ืจ, ื•ืืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื•ื•ืœืฃ ื•ื“ืืจื•ื•ื™ืŸ. ืฆื‘ื™ื, ืงืกื•ื ืœืฆืคื•ืช ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžื™ื, ื”ื ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื - ื ืกื” ืื™ื™ื offshore ืกื‘ื™ื‘ Floreana. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืจืืฉ ื”ืžื—ื‘ื˜ ื”ืžื•ื–ืจ ืฉืœ ืฉืคืชื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื•ืช ืืœ ื˜ืื’ื•ืก ืงื•ื‘ ืขืœ ืื™ื–ื‘ืœื”.

ืœืคืจื˜ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ Galápagos, ืžืขืœ ื•ืžืชื—ืช ืœืžื™ื, ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื’ืœืืคื’ื•ืก ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืกื™ื•ืจ ืžืคืขื™ืœื™ ืกื™ื•ืจ.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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