ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ Lonely Planet ืœืฉื ืช 2011

ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ Lonely Planet ืœืฉื ืช 2011

ืœืืŸ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืœื›ืช ื‘ืฉื ื” ื”ื‘ืื”? ืžื•ืžื—ื™ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•, ื›ื•ืœืœ Lonely Planet cofounder ื˜ื•ื ื™ ื•ื™ืœืจ, ื‘ื—ืจื• ืืช 10 ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืฉื ื” ื”ื‘ืื” ื‘ื”ืชื‘ืกืก ืขืœ ืฆื™ื•ื ื™ื ืขืœ ื ื•ืฉื ืืงื˜ื•ืืœื™, ื”ืชืจื’ืฉื•ืช, ืขืจืš ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืกืฃ ื• ... ื–ื” X ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื’ื•ืจื. ื”ื ื” ื”ื, ืœืคื™ ืกื“ืจ ื“ืจื’ื”, ืžืกืคืจื• ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืœื•ื ืœื™ ืคืœืื ื˜: ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช 2011.

ืืœื‘ื ื™ื”

ืœืคื ื™ ื–ืžืŸ ืœื ืจื‘, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื‘ืœืงื ื™ื ื ื—ืฉื‘ื• ืœื™ืขื“ ื ืกื™ืขื” 'ืืžื™ืฅ' ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ืจืง ื”ืืžื™ืฆื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืžื™ืฆื™ื ื–ืœื’ื• ืœืชื•ืš ืืœื‘ื ื™ื”. ืžืื– ืชืจืžื™ืœืื™ื ื”ื—ืœื• ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœ ืืœื‘ื ื™ื” ื—ืžืงืžืง ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -90, ืกื™ืคืจื• ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื‘ 'ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื–ื” ืœืขืฆืžืš' ืœื—ื™ืฉื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ ืชื›ืœืช, ืžื˜ื‘ื— ื˜ื•ื‘ ืคื ื™ื, ืืชืจื™ ืžื•ืจืฉืช, ื—ื™ื™ ืœื™ืœื”, ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ืกื‘ื™ืจื™ื ื•ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกืขื•ืช ื”ืœื ืžืชื•ื›ื ื ื™ื ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ืฉืŸ ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืขื ืคืชื•ื— - ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื—ืฉื™ื, ืฉืขื‘ื•ืจื ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื—ื™ื“ื•ืฉ. ืœืื—ืจ ืžื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ืงืœื™ืฉืื” ืžืคื•ืฆืฆืช ืฉืœ ืคืฉืขื™ ืคืฉืข, ืืœื‘ื ื™ื” ื”ื›ืจื™ื–ื” ืขืœ "ืื”ื‘ื” ื™ื ืชื™ื›ื•ื ื™ืช ื—ื“ืฉื”" ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืœื•ื— ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื”. ื”ื’ 'ื™ื’ ื”ื•ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ืœืžืขืœื” - ืืœื‘ื ื™ื” ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืžืกืœื•ืœ ืžื›ื•ืช ื‘ืžืฉืš ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ื‘ึผึฐืจึธื–ึดื™ืœ

ืžืคื•ืจืกื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืกืืžื‘ื”, ื›ื“ื•ืจื’ืœ ื•ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืงื•ืœื ื•ืข, ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœ ืชืžื™ื“ ื”ื™ื” ื™ื“ื•ืข ืœื—ื’ื™ื’ื” (ื”ืงืจื ื‘ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ื”ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืœืื•ืžื™ ื–ื” ื“ื•ื™ ื•ื™ื‘ืจ). ืขื ื–ืืช, ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœ ืžืฆืœืฆืœ ื‘ืฉื ืช 2011 ืขื ืกื™ื‘ื” ืขื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืžื—ื”. ื–ื›ื™ื™ื” ื‘ื”ืฆืขื•ืช ืœืืจื— ื”ืŸ ืืช ืžื•ื ื“ื™ืืœ 2014 ื•ืืช ืื•ืœื™ืžืคื™ืื“ืช ื”ืงื™ืฅ 2016 ื‘ืจื™ื• ื“ื” ื– 'ื ื™ืจื•, ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœ ื”ื™ื ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืจื•ืฅ ืฉืœ ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื, ืขื ืžื™ืœื™ืืจื“ื™ ื“ื•ืœืจื™ื ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ื•ืช ืœืชืฉืชื™ืช (ื™ืฉ ืืคื™ืœื• ื“ื™ื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืงื• ืจื›ื‘ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืจื™ื• ื•ืกืื• ืคืื•ืœื•). ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ืจื™ืืœ ื”ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœืื™ ื”ื—ื–ืง, ื”ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื•ืกืคืชื ืฉืœ ืืœืคื™ ื—ื“ืจื™ ืžืœื•ืŸ ื—ื“ืฉื™ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ืชื—ืจื•ืช ื”ื’ื•ื‘ืจืช ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืชืขื•ืคื” ื–ื•ืœื•ืช (ื›ื•ืœืœ Azul, ืฉื”ื•ืงืžื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื™ื™ืกื“ ื’'ื˜ื‘ืœื•, ื™ืœื™ื“ ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœ) ื–ื•ืœ.

ืงื™ื™ืค ื•ืจื“ื”

ืงื™ื™ืค ื•ืจื“ื™ืืŸ ืื•ืœื™ ื™ื“ืขื• ืขืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื—ื‘ ืœื ืฆื—, ืื‘ืœ ื ืจืื” ืฉื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื—ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืจืง ืคื•ืชื— ืืช ืขื™ื ื™ื• ืœืงื™ื™ืค ื•ืจื“ื”. ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ืื™ืŸ ื–ื• ื”ืคืชืขื”; ื ืจืื” ืฉื”ื›ืคืจ ื”ื•ื ืจืง ื ืงื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืื‘ืง, ืฉืฆืคื•ื™ื” ื‘ื—ื•ืคื™ ืืคืจื™ืงื”, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ื—ืœื• ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืœืชืคื•ืก ืืช ืžื‘ื˜ื” ื”ืฆื“ื” ืฉืœ ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืจืฃ. ืื™ื ื˜ืจืก ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื•ืœืš ื•ื’ื“ืœ ื–ื” ืžื‘ื™ื ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืืจื›ื™ืคืœื’, ืฉื ื“ืžื” ื•ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ืื™ืœื• ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืœื“ ืžืื ืงืจื™ื‘ื™ ื•ืžืื‘ื ืืคืจื™ืงื ื™. ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืžื” ื‘ืื™ื ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื”ืืœื”? ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ื”ื–ื›ื™ืจ ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืžื ืกื” ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื–ืจื™ื ืœ"ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืื‘ืง "ืฉืœื”ื, ืจื•ื‘ ืงื™ื™ืค ื•ืจื“ื™ืืŸ ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื™ ื—ืฉื‘ื• ื‘ืฆื—ื•ืง" ืžื” ื ื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ื›ืืŸ ืœืชื™ื™ืจ? ". ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ื”ืชื‘ืจืจ ื“ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื”. ื”ืจื™ื ืžืชืจื•ืžืžื™ื ื‘ื”ืจื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื, ื”ืจ ื’ืขืฉ ืขื ืจืืฉ ื‘ืขื ื ื™ื, ื ืžืœื™ ืžื™ื ื‘ืจืžื” ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ื•ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื ืจื•ื˜ื˜ื™ื, ืจื•ืขืฉื™ื - ืื‘ืœ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื”ื™ื ืฉืขืฉืชื” ืืช ื”ืขืกืงื”. ืขื ืขื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉืžืฉ ืžืืฉืจ ื™ืฉ ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื”, ืขื ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื—ื•ืœื™ื™ื ืจื›ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืชื—ืœ, ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืจืง ื”ื™ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื•ืžืจ ืืช ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื "ืฉืžืฉ ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ" ื•ืืช ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืžืฉื•ื•ืงื™ื ื›ืžื• "ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ืงื ืจื™ื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื".

ืคื ืžื”

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืคื ืžื”, ื”ืžืฉื‘ืจ ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื™ ื”ืขื•ืœืžื™ ื”ืฆื™ืข ืชื™ืจื•ืฅ ืžื•ืฉืœื ืœื”ื›ื•ืช ืืช ื›ืคืชื•ืจ ื”ืื™ืคื•ืก. ืื—ืจื™ ืคืจืฅ ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ืœื ืžืกื•ื“ืจ ื™ืฆืจ ืคื’ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ ืงื–ื™ื ื•, ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ืžื’ื•ื“ืจื•ืช ื•ืžื’ื“ืœื™ ื–ื›ื•ื›ื™ืช ื‘ืฉื ื˜ืจืืžืค, ื”ืฉืคืœ ื‘ื”ืฉืงืขื” ืื™ืœืฅ ื—ื–ืจื” ืœื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื, ื™ืฉ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœื™ื ืื•ืชื ื˜ื™ - ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ืœื‘, ื˜ืจืงื™ื ื‘ื’ 'ื•ื ื’ืœ ืœื™ื ื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ืงืชื•ืช ื—ื•ืœ ื‘ืงื•ืžืืจืงื” ื“ื” ืงื•ื ื” ื™ืืœื” ืขืฆืžืื™ืช. ืขื ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ื”ืืจืฅ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื˜ื”ื•ืจ, ื”ืจืคืชืงื” ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ื”ื™ื ืจืง ืกื™ืจื” ืื• ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืก ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžืฉื. ื‘ืฉื ืช 2011 ืคื ืžื” ืกื™ื˜ื™ ืžืงื‘ืœ ื™ืจื•ืง ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืขื ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ BíoMuseo, ื—ื“ืฉื ื™ ืคืจื ืง ื’ืจื™ ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ ืฉื˜ื— ื—ื•ื’ื’ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™. ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืกื™ื ืžื” ืงื•ืกื˜ื” (ื—ื’ื•ืจืช ื”ื—ื•ืฃ) ืฉืœ ืคื ืžื” ืกื™ื˜ื™ ื™ื•ืฆืจืช ืคืก ื™ืจื•ืง ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฃ, ืืฉืจ ืžืกื™ื™ื Casco Viejo, ืฉื›ื•ื ื” ืžื”ืžืžืช ื”ืฉื›ื•ื ื” ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ืช ืœืื—ืจ ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื–ื ื—ื”. ื›ืžื• ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื, ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ ื”ืืงืœื™ื ื•ื”ืจืก ื‘ืชื™ ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืžืชื‘ื˜ืื™ื ื›ืืŸ. ืฆืคืจื“ืข ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืžื•ื–ื”ื‘ืช ืฉืœ ืคื ืžื”, ืงื•ืจื‘ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื’ื™ืคื” ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช, ื ืขืœืžื•ืช ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืคืขืจ Darién, ื”ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืคืจื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ืฉืืจ ืœืœื ื“ืจื›ื™ื. ืื™ืŸ ืกืคื•ืจ ืื™ื™ื ืคื ืžื™ื™ื ืžืชืžื™ื“ื™ื ืœืœื ืฉื ืื• ืชื•ืฉื‘ ื™ื—ื™ื“. ืงื•ืกื˜ื” ืจื™ืงื” ืœืื›ื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœืš ื”ื—ื•ืฆื”.

ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื™ื”

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœื” ืฉื ืจืื•, ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื™ื” ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ืฉ ืจื’ืขื™ื ืฉืœื” - ื‘ืขืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœื”, ืขืœ ื”ืคืกื’ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืฉืœื’ื•ืช ืฉืœื” ื•ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ืกืงื™ ืขืจืš ืจื‘, ืขืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื–ื”ื•ื‘ ื—ื•ืœ ืฉืœื” ื‘ืขืจื™ื ื”ื ืžืœ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื” ื‘ื™ื ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืขื ื”ืฉื ื™ื, ืขื ืชืจื•ืžืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื”, ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื™ื” ืื™ื‘ื“ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื”. ืžื“ืจื•ื, ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืช'ืžืื ื™ืช ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื” ืจืฅ ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื™ื” ื‘ืžืฉืš 500 ืฉื ื™ื. ื”ื™ื•ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ืคืื ื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื•ืฉื™ ื”ื“ืจื•ื ืœืขื’ื• ืœื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื—ื–ืง ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื™ื” (ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืื™ืžืฆื• ืื•ืชื• ื“ื‘ืจ). ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื”, ื”ืจื•ืžื ื™ื ื˜ืขื ื• ืืช ื—ืœืงื” ืฉืœ ืชื”ื™ืœื” ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื”ื‘ื—ื ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืงื•ื•ื™ ื”ื“ื ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจืขื•ืจ ื”ืžื™ืกื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ื˜ืจื ืกื™ืœื‘ื ื™ื”. ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื™ื” ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื• ื”ื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžื•ื–ืจ ื‘ืคื™ื ื” ื–ื• ืฉืœ ืื™ืจื•ืคื”. ืื‘ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืฉืชื ื™ื.ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื‘ื’ืื•ื•ื” ื—ืœืง ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื” -21 ื”ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคื™, ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื™ื” ื ื”ื ืชื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื‘ - ื•ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ืขืฆืžื™. ืžื“ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืกืงื™ ืฉืœื” ื”ื ื™ืขื“ื™ื ื“ื” ืคืงื˜ื• ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ื ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ื—ืœื•ืคื•ืช ื–ื•ืœื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื˜ืœืื™ื ืจื™ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื™ืคื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื, ื•ืืช ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืœื” ืžื‘ืจื™ืง ื‘ืฉืงื˜ ืคื•ืจื—ืช. ืžื” ื™ืงืจื”, ื”ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื™ื ื™ื™ืงื—ื• ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ืฆืขื“ ืฉืœื”ื. ื›ืžื• ื”ืฉื™ืจ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืื—ื“ ื”ื•ืœืš, "ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื ืฆื—ื™ื, ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืคืกื™ื“ื™ื ... ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงืจื” ืื ื—ื ื• ืœื”ืฉืชื›ืจ, ืื ื—ื ื• ื”ื‘ื•ืœื’ืจื™ื!" ื–ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื—ื•ืœืฆืช ื˜ืจื™ืงื•.

ื•ื ื•ืื˜ื•

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœื” ื”ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ื—ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ืื•ืชื ื˜ื™ื•ืช, Vanuatu ืงืฉื” ืœื ืฆื—. ืžืŸ ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื”ืื“ื™ืจื™ื ื•ืžืžืคืœื™ื ืจื•ืขืžื™ื ืœื›ืคืจื™ื ื ื™ื“ื—ื™ื, ืžืœื’ื•ื ื•ืช ืขื ืงื™ื•ืช ื•ืขื“ ืื™ื™ื ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื, ื™ืฉ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžื” ืœื”ืฆื™ืข, ื”ืจื—ืง ืžื”ืงื”ืœ. ืืœ ืชืฆืคื• ื”ื ื•ืคืฉ ritzy ื•ื—ื™ื™ ืœื™ืœื” ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ืงื ืงื•ืŸ; ืขื ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืืจื—ื” ื”ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื ื•ืฉื‘ื™ืจืช ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืžืกืชื•ืจ ืจื•ืžื ื˜ื™ื™ื ื ื•ื—ื™ื, ื”ื™ื ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื. ืขื 83 ืื™ื™ื, ืืชื” ืžืคื•ื ืง ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจื”. ื•ื ื•ืื˜ื• ืจืืชื” ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืžืกืคืจ ื’ื“ืœ ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืžืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื”, ื ื™ื• ื–ื™ืœื ื“, ืงืœื“ื•ื ื™ื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื”, ืคื™ื’'ื™ ื•ืื™ื™ ืกื•ืœื•ืžื•ืŸ - ืœื›ื™ ืขื›ืฉื™ื•, ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืกื•ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื”.

ืึดื™ื˜ึทืœึดื™ึธื”

ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ื”ื™ื ื‘ืœื’ืŸ ืžื›ืื™ื‘, ื™ืคื”, ื›ืจื™ื–ืžื˜ื™. ื”ืขื™ืชื•ื ื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ืขืœื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ืจืืฉ ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ืกื™ืœื‘ื™ื• ื‘ืจืœื•ืกืงื•ื ื™, ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืฉื—ื™ืชื•ืช, ืฉื•ื—ื“ ื•ืกืงื ื“ืœื™ ืžื™ืŸ ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืช, ื•ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื” ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ื“ื›ื“ื•ืš, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช. ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ื˜ืขื™ื, ืื•ืจ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืฉื•ืคืข, ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื•ื”ืขืจื™ื ื ืฉื’ื‘, ื•ื™ืฉ ืืœืคื™ ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืืžื ื•ืช ืœื”ืกืชื›ืœ. ื™ืฉื ื 44 ืืชืจื™ ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืื•ื ืกืงื• ื›ืืŸ, ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืื—ืจืช. ื›ื™ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ื—ื•ื’ื’ืช ืจืง 150 ืฉื ื” ื›ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 2011 (ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื” ืžืื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1861) ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื‘ืจื•ืจ ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื• ืื•ืกืฃ ืฉืœ ืื–ื•ืจื™ื. ืื ืฉื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ืื™ื ืžืžืงื•ื ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื”ื; ื”ืœืื•ื ืฉืœื”ื ืžื’ื™ืข ื”ืฉื ื™. ืœื›ืœ ืื–ื•ืจ ื™ืฉ ืื•ืคื™ ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ื•ืื™ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืจืื•ื™ื•ืช ืœืื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ืฉื”ื™ื• ืคืขื, ืžื” ืฉืขื•ืฉื” ืื•ืชื• ืžืชื’ืžืœ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ืœืื˜ ืœืื˜.

ื˜ื ื–ื ื™ื”

ื–ื” ื ื›ื•ืŸ, ื˜ื ื–ื ื™ื” ื”ื™ื ืžืงื•ื ืฉืœ ืคืœืื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื - ืกืจื ื’ื˜ื™, ื ื’ื•ืจื•ื ื’ื•ืจื•, ืงื™ืœื™ืžื ื’'ืจื•, ื–ื ื–ื™ื‘ืจ ... ื”ืฉืžื•ืช ื—ื•ืžืงื™ื ืžื”ืœืฉื•ืŸ ื›ืžื• ืžืกื“ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืขื“ื™ื ื”ืžืคืชื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืืคืจื™ืงื”. ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืœื ื”ื›ืœ. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื™ืฉ ืขื“ืจื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืคื™ืœื™ื Ruaha, treeclimbing ืืจื™ื•ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืื’ื Manyara, ืฉื™ืžืคื ื–ื™ื ืžืงื“ืฉื™ื ื‘ Gombe ื• Mahale ื• ื—ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืœื‘ื™ ื‘ืจ ื‘ Selous. ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืฉืงื™ืขื•ืช ืขืœ ื ื”ืจ Rufiji, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžื™ื ืจื•ืชื—ื™ื ืขื hippos ื•ืชื ื™ื ื™ื. ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื‘ืืจืฅ ื™ืฉ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื—ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ืžื–ืจื— ืืคืจื™ืงื” - ื›ื•ืœืœ ื›ืืœื” ื ื“ื™ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืงื•ืฃ ืงื•ืœื•ื‘ื•ืก ืื“ื•ื, ืงืจื ืฃ ืฉื—ื•ืจ, ืฆื‘ื™ื hawksbill ื• leatherback ื• ืคืžื‘ื” ืžืขื•ืคืคื™ื ืฉื•ืขืœื™ื - ืžืจื•ื›ื– ื‘ืื•ืกืฃ ืœืœื ืชื—ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืืจืงื™ื ื•ืฉืžื•ืจื•ืช. ืื– ืืชื” ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืฉืจืื™ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื–ื”? ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื”ืžืจื™ื ื˜ื ื–ื ื™ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื”ืคืชืขื” ืื• ืฉื ื™ื™ื ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœืš.

ื™ืคืŸ

ื‘ื™ืคืŸ ื™ืฉ ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืœื ืจืื•ื™ ื›ื™ืขื“ ื™ืงืจ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืฉืคื” ื”ืื ื’ืœื™ืช ื”ื™ื ืžื—ืกื•ืจ. ืื‘ืœ 100 $ ื—ืชื›ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืฉืจ ืงื•ื‘ื™ ื•ืืช ืžื“ื™ ืคืขื ืื‘ื“ ื‘ืชืจื’ื•ื ืจื’ืข ื‘ืฆื“, ื™ืคืŸ ื”ื™ื ืกื‘ื™ืจื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืคืชื™ืข ื•ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœืžืฉืชืžืฉ. ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืชืขื‘ื•ืจ, ืขืฆื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืกื•ื›ื ื•ืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ืฉืœืš ื•ืงื ื” Pass Rail Japan, ืืฉืจ ืžืขื ื™ืง ืœืš ื’ื™ืฉื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœืช ืœืจืฉืช ื”ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื”ืžืชื•ื—ื›ืžืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”. ื˜ื•ืงื™ื• ื ื›ืฉืœื” ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ื”ืฆืขื” ืฉืœื” ืœืื•ืœื™ืžืคื™ืื“ืช ื”ืงื™ืฅ ืฉืœ ืฉื ืช 2016, ืืš ืžืกืข ื”ืคืจืกื•ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื’ื‘ืจืช ืฉื™ืœื•ื˜ ื”ืื ื’ืœื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืืจืฅ. ืื–, ืื ื™ืคืŸ ื›ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืจืฉื™ืžืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœืš ื‘ืžืฉืš ื–ืžืŸ ืžื”, ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื”ืฉื ื” ื›ื™ ืืชื” ืกื•ืฃ ืกื•ืฃ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ืžืงื•ื ื”ื•ืœื“ืชื• ืฉืœ ืกื•ืฉื™, ืกืืงื” ื•ืกื•ืžื•.

ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ืฉื ืช 2011? ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืืช Lonely Planet ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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