ืœืจื›ื•ื‘ ืื•ืชื, ืงืื•ื‘ื•ื™: Valledupar ืฉืœ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช vaquero

ืœืจื›ื•ื‘ ืื•ืชื, ืงืื•ื‘ื•ื™: Valledupar ืฉืœ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช vaquero

ืœื”ื›ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื ื“ื™ื ืœื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื™, ื”ืžื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื‘ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ Valledupar ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื•ืงืจื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื” (vaqueros) ื‘ืžืื” ื” -17. ื›ืžื• ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ืคืจื•ืข ืžื“ืจื•ื ืœื’ื‘ื•ืœ, ื–ื• ื”ื™ืชื” ืืจืฅ ืฉืžื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื” - ื›ืœ ืื“ื ืœืขืฆืžื•, ื‘ื ืœืขื–ืื–ืœ ืื• ืžื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื. ื”ืืกื™ืื ื“ื•ืช ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ื•ืช ืคื™ื–ืจื• ืืช ื”ืื•ืคืง ื”ืฆื—ื™ื—, ืืช ื‘ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ื•ืืช ืื“ืžืชืŸ, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ื ืื• ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืื•ื™ืžื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชืงืคื•ืช cimrones (ื ืžืœื˜ ืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื—ื•ืง).

ืื•ืชื” ืจื•ื— ื ื•ืขื–ืช ืจื•ื›ื‘ ื”ื™ื•ื, ืื ื›ื™ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืืกื™ื ื“ื” ื ืขืœื vaqueros ื”ื ื›ืขืช ื’ื ื™ื‘ื” ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื‘ื•ืชื™ื”ื ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ื, ื”ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ื•ื”ืืคืจื™ืงื ื™ื. ืงืื•ื‘ื•ื™ื™ื ื ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืงื•ืžืฅ ื—ื•ื•ื” ื‘ืžืฉืš 30 ืฉื ื” ืขื“ ืฉื”ื ืœื’ืจื“ ื™ื—ื“ ืžืกืคื™ืง ืžื˜ื‘ืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื ื•ืช ื—ืœืงืช ืื“ืžื” ืœืจื•ืฅ ื›ืžื• ืฉืœื”ื. ืžื“ื™ ืคืขื ื”ื ืžืชืจื•ืฆืฆื™ื ื‘ื•ื•ืืœื“ื•ืคืืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฆื˜ื™ื™ื“ ื‘ืžื™ื, ื‘ื—ื‘ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ืืงื“ื—ื™ื, ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ืืœ ื”ื—ื•ื•ื” ืœื‘ืงืจ ืขื“ืจ ื•ืœืคืจื ืงื™ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉืชืจื ื’ื•ืœื•ืช, ื—ื–ื™ืจื™ื, ืื•ื•ื–ื™ื ื•ื ื›ื“ื™ื ืฆื•ื•ื—ื™ื ื•ืžืชืคื–ืจื™ื ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืชื™ื”ื.

ื‘ืฉื ืช 2006, Valledupar ื”ื™ื” ืกืฆื™ื ื” ืฉืœ ื—ื˜ื™ืคื•ืช ื•ืจืฆื™ื—ื•ืช ืจื‘ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื”ืฉืžืืœื ื™ื ื ืœื—ืžื• ืขืœ ืื ืฉื™ ืฆื‘ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช. ื”ื™ื“ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ื”ืŸ ืžืœืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชื•ื”ื• ื•ื‘ื•ื”ื• ื”ืฉื™ื•ืจื™, ื•ืื™ืŸ ื›ืกืฃ ื ื•ืชืจ ืœืกื‘ืกื“ ื”ื—ืงืœืื™ื ื‘ื–ืžื ื™ื ืจื–ื™ื. ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ืืœื™ืžื•ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื ืขืฉื” ืคืœืื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืกื—ืจ ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช, ื—ื•ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื ื ืกื™ื™ื ื”ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื™ื™ื˜ืจื™ื ื’ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื.

ื‘ื™ื ืชื™ื™ื, ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช ื”ื”ื•ืœื›ืช ื•ื’ื“ืœื” ืฉืœ ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” Vallenato ื”ื•ืคื›ืช Valledupar ืœืชื•ืš ื ืืฉื•ื•ื™ืœ ืงื•ืœื•ืžื‘ื™ืื ื™, ื“ื—ืฃ vaquero ื’ืื•ื•ื” ืœืชื•ื“ืขื” ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ืช.

ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” Vallenato ื”ื•ื ืคื™ื•ื– 'ืŸ ืื•ืจื’ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืืชื ื•ื’ืจืคื™ื” ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื’ื“ื™ืœื™ื ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื, ืขื ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ืื—ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื”: ืืงื•ืจื“ื™ื•ืŸ ืžืŸ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคืื™ื, caja (ืชื•ืฃ) ืžืŸ ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ื, ื•ืืช ื’ื•ืืฆ'ืืจืืงื” (ืžื’ืจื“ ืžืงืœ) ืžืŸ ื”ืขืžื™ื ื”ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื. ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื ืชืคืก ื›ื“ืจืš ืœื”ืคื™ืฅ ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ืœื—ืœื•ืง ื—ืœื•ืžื•ืช, ืฉืื™ืคื•ืช ื•ืกื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืื”ื‘ื” ืื‘ื•ื“ื” ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืืฉ ื”ืขืจื‘, Vallenato ืžืื– ื”ืฉื™ื’ื” ืžืขืžื“ ืคื•ืœื—ืŸ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™.

ื‘ื›ืœ ืืคืจื™ืœ, ืืช ื”ืคืกื˜ื™ื‘ืœ ืฉืœ Vallenato ืจื•ืื” ืžื”ืจ ืืฆื‘ืขื•ืช ื‘ื”ืจื‘ื” ืกื˜ืจื˜ื™ื ื’ ืฉืœื”ื ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืืžืคื™ืชื™ืื˜ืจื™ื ืืจื•ื– ืขื ืื•ื”ื“ื™ื ืžืขืจื™ืฆื™ื ืฉื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื›ืœ ืžื™ืœื” ื•ืœืœื›ืช bonkers ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื’ื•ืืฆ'ืืจืืงื” ืกื•ืœื•. ื”ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื ื•ืข ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืœื“ื•ืช ืื™ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืœืกื™ืžืคื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืกื™ืžืคื•ื ื™ื ืžื˜ื•ืจืคื™ื, ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ืงืฆื‘ ื ืจืื” ืžื•ื›ืชื‘ ืจืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจืžืช ื”ืงื•ืœื” ื‘ื“ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืกื•ืก. ืชื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœ ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืคื•ืœืงื” ื’ืจืžื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืกื‘ื ืฉืœืš ืขื ื’ื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื‘ื•ื ื’ื• ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™, ืฉื™ื—ืง ืขืœ ืคื˜ื™ืคื•ืŸ ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืคืขืžื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื”. ื–ื” ื”ืฆื™ื•ืŸ ืœืกืจื˜ ืฉืœ ื“ื™ืกื ื™ ืขืœ ื™ื•ื ืง ื”ื“ื‘ืฉ ืขื ื‘ืขื™ื” ืกื“ืง!

ื” llanos (ื”ืžื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื) ื”ื ืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ื•ืœื: ืชืฉืชื™ืช ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ agriturismo ื”ืกืฆื ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆืขื™ืจื” ืžืื•ื“. ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื›ืืŸ ื”ื ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืžืจืชืง ืฉืœ ืžืกื•ืจืช, ืขืงืฉื ื•ืช ื•ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืงืฉื”, ื•ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืœืื–ื•ืจ ื–ืงื•ืงื™ื ืœืžื™ื“ื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช ืฉืœ ื—ืฆืฅ. ืื‘ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื’ 'ื•ืŸ ื•ื™ื™ืŸ- wannabes ื• ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ืช ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ืืชื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ Valledupar.

ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื™ืง Bonuccelli ื ืกืข ืœืงื•ืœื•ืžื‘ื™ื” ืขืœ ื”ืžืฉื™ืžื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ Lonely Planet. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื”ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ืฉืœื• ื‘ Lonely Planet: ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืคื—ื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”, ื”ืงืจื ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ืขืœ ื ืฉื™ื•ื ืœ ื’'ื™ืื•ื’ืจืคื™ืง.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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