ืืœ Ritmo cubano: ื”ื ืฉืžื” ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”

ืืœ Ritmo cubano: ื”ื ืฉืžื” ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ืช ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”

ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ืช ืขืฉื™ืจื”, ืชื•ืกืกืช, ืžืจื•ื‘ืช-ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช, ืคื•ืขืœืช ืžื–ื” ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ ื›ื ื•ืฉืืช ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™ื ืœืงื•ืœื•ืช ื•ืœืžืงืฆื‘ื™ื ื”ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืžืืžืจื™ืงื” ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ืช. ืžืŸ ื”ืจืฆื™ืฃ ืœืžื˜ื” ืขืœ ื”ืขืงื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ Matanzas ืืœ ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื bucolic ืฉืœ ืกื™ื™ืจื” Maestra, ื”ื›ืœ ืž ื‘ึผึตืŸ, ืกืœืกื”, ืจื•ืžื‘ื”, ืžืžื‘ื•, chachachá, ืฆ'ืจื ื’ื” ื• ื“ื ื–ื•ืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื—ืœืง ืžืงื™ื•ืžื• ืœื“ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ืช ื”ืงืกื•ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ื“ืœืงื” ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื”.

ืชืจื•ืžืชื” ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื” ืœืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ื”ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืื™ื ื” ืจืง ืœื”ืงื” ืื—ืช, ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืžื•ืชื’ ืื—ื“. ื–ื• ืฉื™ื—ื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืฉืœื˜ืช, ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ื™ืชื ืช ืœืฉื™ื ื•ื™, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืขืจ ืืช ืžื” ืฉืืžื ืฉืœืš ื ืชื ื” ืœืš; ื• ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืฉืžื—ื” ื™ืฉืจ ืืœ ื”ืœื‘.

ืกืœืกื”

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื•ื•ื›ื— ื›ืœ ื”ืœื™ืœื” ืขืœ ืžื™ ื™ืฆืจ ืกืœืกื” (ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ื˜ื›ื ื™ืช, ื–ื” ื™ืฆื ืžืชื•ืš ืคื•ืจื” ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ืช ื ื™ื• ื™ื•ืจืง ืกืฆื™ื ื” ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื” -60 ื•ื” -70), ืื‘ืœ ื”ืืžืช ื”ื™ื ื›ื™ ืžืขื˜ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื›ืชื•ื‘ ืืช ื–ื” ื•ืœื‘ืฆืข ืื•ืชื• ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืืช ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ื. ืœื ืžืฉื•ื›ื ืข? ืœืงื—ืช ืฉื™ืขื•ืจ ืจื™ืงื•ื“ ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื ื”, ืื• ืจืืฉ ืื—ื“ ืžืฉื ื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืจ Casas de la Música ื•ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื”. ืื• ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ื›ืžื” ืืœื‘ื•ืžื™ื Celia ืงืจื•ื– ื•ืœืจืื•ืช ืื ืืชื” ืœื ื”ื•ืคืš ืœื”ืžื™ืจ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™ืช.

ื ื•ื‘ื” ื˜ืจื•ื‘ื”

ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ื‘ืœืชื™ ืกื‘ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ื‘ ื“ื™ืœืŸ, ืกื™ืœื™ื” ืงืจื•ื–, ื’'ื•ืŸ ืœื ื•ืŸ, ื•ื™ืงื˜ื•ืจ ื’'ืืจื” ื•ื’'ื•ืืŸ ืžื ื•ืืœ ืกืจืื˜, ื ื•ื‘ื” ื˜ืจื•ื‘ื” ื”ื•ื ืคืกืงื•ืœ ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื”ืคื›ื” ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ืช, ืฉืขื•ื–ืจื™ื• ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื - ืคืื‘ืœื• ืžื™ืœืื ื• ื•ืงืืจืœื•ืก ืคื•ืื‘ืœื” - ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืžืžื—ื•ื– ื’ืจื ื“ื”. ื ื•ื‘ื” ื˜ืจื•ื‘ื” ื”ื’ื™ืข ื‘ืคื‘ืจื•ืืจ 1968 ื‘ืคืจื™ื™ืžืจ ืืงื–ื•ื ื˜ืจื• ื“ื” ืœื” ืงื ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืคืจื•ื˜ืกื˜ื”, ืงื•ื ืฆืจื˜ ื‘"ืงืืกื” ื“ื” ืœืืก ืืžืจื™ืงืก "ื‘ื”ื•ื•ืื ื”. ืžื™ื ื™-ื•ื•ื“ืกื˜ื•ืง ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”, ื”ืื™ืจื•ืข ืฉื”ื“ื”ื“ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืžืืœื ื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื›ื—ืœื•ืคื” ืžื”ืคื›ื ื™ืช ืœืกืœืข ื”ืืžืจื™ืงื ื™.

ืจื•ืžื‘ื”

ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ื ืœื”ื‘ืช ืฉืœ ืชื•ืคื™ื ื—ื‘ื•ืฉื™ื ื•ืจื™ืงื•ื“ื™ื ืืชืœื˜ื™ื™ื, ืจื•ืžื‘ื” ื”ื™ื ื ืฉืžืชื” ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ืช ืฉืœ ืงื•ื‘ื”, ื–'ืื ืจ ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ ื›ื‘ื“ ืขื ืื™ืงื•ื ื•ื’ืจืคื™ื” ื“ืชื™ืช ื•ื”ื“ื™ื ื›ื•ืื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ืขื‘ื“ื•ืช. ืจืื” ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื”, ืขืœ ื”ืจืฆื™ืคื™ื ืฉืœื”ื, ืืฉืจ ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ืžืงืฆื‘ื™ื ื”ื•ืฉืžืขื• ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืชืฉืขื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื”ืชืฉืข-ืขืฉืจื”. ื’ื•ืœืžื™, ืžื‘ื˜ื ื•ืžืจื’ืฉ ืœืจืื•ืช, ืจื•ืžื‘ื” ื”ื™ื ืคืจืฉื” ืกืคื•ื ื˜ื ื™ืช ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื ืจืฉืžื™ืช ืฉืžื‘ื•ืฆืขืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขื“ ืชืจื™ืกืจ ืžื•ืกื™ืงืื™ื. Conga ืชื•ืคื™ื, claves, ืคืœื™ื˜ื•ืก (ืžืงืœื•ืช), Marugas (ื‘ืจื–ืœ ืฉื™ื™ืงื™ื) ื• cajones (ืžืืจื–ื™ ืืจื™ื–ื”) ืœืคืจื•ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžืงืฆื‘ื™ื ื”ืžืฉืชืœื‘ื™ื, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื™ืจื” ื—ืœื•ืคื™ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื–ืžืจืช ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืžืื•ืœืชืจืช ื‘ืคืจืื•ืช ืžืขื ื” ืงื•ืจื• (ืžืงื”ืœื”).

Son-Changüí

ื‘ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื• ืงื•ืจืื™ื ืœื–ื” ื‘ึผึตืŸ, ืœื™ื“ ื”ื“ืœืช ื‘ืžื—ื•ื– ื’ื•ืื ื˜ื ืžื• ื”ื ืงื•ืจืื™ื ืœื–ื” sonchangüí - ื•ืจื™ืืฆื™ื” ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืขืœ ื ื•ืฉื ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ืฉื ื•ืœื“ ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ื”ื–ื™ืงื•ืง ืœืกื—ื•ืจื” ื”ืžื—ื•ื–ื™ืช ื•ื”ืฉืคืขืช ื”ืขื‘ื“ื™ื. ื”ืžืชืืจ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ืฉืœ ื”ืืชื ื•ืœื•ื’ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ ืคืจื ื ื“ื• ืื•ืจื˜ื™ื– ื›"ืจื•ืžืŸ ืื”ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืชื•ืฃ ื”ืืคืจื™ืงืื™ ืœื’ื™ื˜ืจื” ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช ", ืฉื•ืจืฉื™ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ื”ื›ืคืจื™ืช ื”ืืงืœืงื˜ื™ืช ื•ื”ืžื•ื–ื’ืช ื”ื–ืืช ืžืฉืชืจืขื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื™ ืชืช-ื–'ืื ืจื™ื ืžื•ื‘ื—ื ื™ื: ืจื•ืžื‘ื” ื“ื ื–ื•ืŸ.

ืจื’'ืื˜ื•ืŸ

ืื•ื”ื‘ ืืช ื–ื” ืื• ืฉื•ื ื ืืช ื–ื”, ืจื’ ื”ื•ื ืงื•ืœ ื”ืจื’ืข ื‘ืงื•ื‘ื”. ื”ืžื ื’ื™ื ื” ื”ืฉืจื™ืจื™ืช ื”ื–ืืช ืฉืœ ืจืืค, ื”ื™ืค ื”ื•ืค, ืจื’ืื™ื™ ื•ืจื™ืงื•ื“ ื ื•ื‘ืขืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ืžืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ ืจื“ื™ื•, ืคืืจืงื™ื, ืจื™ื‘ื•ืขื™ื, ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื•ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืชื ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ - ืืœืžืจ ื”ืžื—ื•ืกืคืกืช. ืขืœ ืืฃ ืฉื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ืžื•ืงื“ื ื›ื—ืชืจื ื™ืช ื•ืื ื˜ื™ ืžื”ืคื›ื ื™ืช, ื–ื›ื” ื”ื”ื™ืค-ื”ื•ืค ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™ ืœืชืžื™ื›ื” ืœื ืฆืคื•ื™ื” ืžืฆื“ ืžืžืฉืœืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ืฉื”ืžื—ื•ืงืงื™ื ื‘ื”ื›ืจื” ื”ืืžื ื•ืชื™ืช ืกื‘ืจื• ืฉื”ื™ื ืžื™ืœืื” ืชืคืงื™ื“ ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ ื‘ื•ื ื” ื‘ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืขืชื™ื“ ื”ื ื•ืขืจ ื”ืงื•ื‘ื ื™. ืคื™ื“ืœ ืงืกื˜ืจื• ืืฃ ืชื™ืืจ ืจื’ ื›ืžื• "ื”ื—ืœื•ืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื”ืคื›ื”" ื• - ืœื›ืื•ืจื” - ืคืขื ื ื™ืกื” ืืช ื™ื“ื• ืขืœ rapping ืœืขื‘ืจ ืžืฉื—ืง ื‘ื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื•ืื ื”.

ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ 2009 ื•ื”ื™ื” ืจืขื ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื™ื•ืœื™ 2017.

ืฉืชืฃ:

ื“ืคื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื

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